Skip to main content

‹‹‹ prev (274) Page 452Page 452

(276) next ››› Page 454Page 454

(275) Page 453 -
â– whom 3454 were in Troqueer ecclesiastical parish. —
(3rd. Sur., shs. 9, 10, 5, 6, 1857-64.
Trossachs (Gael. ' bristled territory '), a romantic
mountain defile of SW Perthshire, on the southern
border of Callander parish, extending 1 mile westward
from the head of Loch Achray to the foot of Loch
Katrine, and forming a portal of the Western High-
lands. Flanked to the N by Ben A'an (1851 feet), and
to the SW by huge Ben Venue (2393), the Trossachs
are a contracted vale, whose sides are soaring eminences
wildly and irregularly feathered all over with hazels,
oaks, birches, hawthorns, and mountain-ashes, and
whose central space is ' a tumultuous confusion of little
rocky eminences, all of the most fantastic and extra-
ordinary forms, everywhere shagged with trees and
shrubs,' and presenting 'an aspect of roughness and
wildness, of tangled and inextricable boskiness, totally
unexampled, it is supposed, in the world.' Thus the
discoverer of the Trossachs' beauties, the Rev. Dr
Robertson, who was presented to the parish of Callander
in 1768, and who winds up six closely printed pages
with the remarks that ' In a word, the Trossachs beggar
all description.' Many since him have here tried their
hands at ' word-painting, ' among them Dorothy Words-
worth, Nathaniel Hawthorne, and Alexander Smith ;
but the finest description is always Sir Walter Scott's
in the lady of the lake (1S10) :
' The western waves of ebbing day
Roll'd o'er the glen their level way ;
Each purple peak, each flinty spire,
Was bathed in floods of living tire.
But not a setting beam could glow
"Within the dark ravine below,
Where twined the path in shadow hid,
Round many a rockj' pyramid.
Shooting abruptly from the dell
Its thunder-splinter'd pinnacle ;
Round many an insulated mass,
The native bulwarks of the pass,
Huge as the tower which builders vain
Presumptuous piled on Shinar's plain.
The rocky summits, split and rent,
Form'd turret, dome, or battlement,
Or seem'd fantastically set
With cupola or minaret,
Wild crests as pagod ever deck'd.
Or mosque of Eastern architect.
Nor were these earth-born castles bare,
Nor lack'd they many a banner fair ;
For, from their shiver'd brows display'd,
Far o'er the unfathomable glade,
All twinkling with the dewdrops sheen,
The briar-rose fell in streamers green,
And creeping shrubs, of thousand dyes,
Waved in the west wind's summer sighs.
* Boon Nature scatter'd, free and wild,
Each plant or flower, the mountain's child.
Here eglantine embalm'd the air,
Hawthorn and hazel mingled there ;
The primrose pale, and violet flower,
Found in each cliff a narrow bower ;
Foxglove and nightshade, side by side,
Emblems of punishment and pride,
Group'd their dark hues witli every stain
The weather-beaten crags retain.
With boughs that quaked at every breath
Grey birch and aspen wept beneath ;
Aloft, the ash and warrior oak
Cast anchor in the rifted rock ;
And, higher yet, the pine-tree hung
His shatter'd trunk, and frequent flung,
Where seem'd the cliffs to meet on high,
His boughs athwart the narrow'd sky.
Highest of all, where white peaks glanced.
Where glist'ning streamers waved and danced,
The wanderer's eye could barely view
The summer heaven's delicious blue :
So wondrous wild, the whole might seem
The seeuery of a fairy dream.'
The castellated Trossachs Hotel, 8 miles W by S of
Callander, stands at the entrance of the defile, near the
northern shore of Loch Achray, and was built by Lady
Willoughby de Eresby in 1852, in place of a humble
wayside inn, which bore the euphonious name of Ard-
cheanochrochan. A little to the SE are the pretty little
church and the manse of the quoad sacra parish of the
Trossachs, which is in the presbytery of Dunblane and
the synod of Perth and Stirling. Pop. of parish (18S1)
302, of whom 56 were in Aberfoyle, 227 in Callander,
and 19 in Port of Monteith.— Ord. Sur., sh. 38, 1871.
Trotternish. See Skye.
Troup House, a mansion in Gamrie parish, Banff-
shire, near the coast, and 3 miles ENE of Gardenstown.
Built about 1772, it is the seat of Francis William
Garden-Campbell, Esq. (b. 1840 ; sue. 1848), who holds
9546 acres in the shire, valued at £5794 per annum. —
Ord. Sur., sh. 97, 1876.
Truim. See Glentruim.
Trumisgarry. See Uist, North.
Trumland House. See Rousay.
Tuadh, Loch. See Mull.
Tuiteam-Tarbhach. See Kincardine, Ross-shire.
Tulchan Lodge, a handsome two-story shooting-box,
built about 1848, in Cromdale parish, Elginshire, 2|
miles WNW of Advie station.
Tulla, Loch. See Glenorchy.
Tulliallan (Gael, tulach-aluinn, 'beautiful knoll),
a parish of SE Perthshire (detached), containing the
small port of Kincardine, on the NE shore of the river
Forth, 3 miles S by W of Kincardine station (in Clack-
mannan parish), this being 3 J miles E of Alloa and 10£
WNW of Dunfermline. The ancient parish comprised
only the barony of Tulliallan ; but the present parish,
since 1673, has included also the barony of Kincardine
and the lands of Lurg, Sands, and Kellywood, which
previously belonged to Culross parish. It is bounded
W and N by Clackmannan, E by Culross, and S and
SW by the river Forth. Its utmost length, from N to
S, is 3| miles ; its utmost breadth is 3 miles ; and its
area is 4176J acres, of which 484 are foreshore and
106J water. The surface slopes gently southward to
the Forth. It comprises part of a gentle broad-based
hill (324 feet), which has declinations to the N and
NE, but is itself well sheltered in these directions by
rising-ground and extensive plantations. The hill
looks beautiful in both form and shelter, and is sup-
posed to have given name to the parish. The coast,
inclusive of curvatures, has an extent of 3f miles.
From the western boundary to the New Pans the shore
is level ; and thence to the extreme E, it abounds in
rocks which are either bare or covered with the tide.
In 1823-39 a considerable extent of valuable land, as
noticed in our article on Kincardine, was reclaimed
from the tide by means of two extensive embankments.
Nearly 500 acres are under wood ; and almost all the
rest of the area is either regularly or occasionally in
tillage. The soil is variously reclaimed peat, moorish
mould, coarse clay, fine loam, and rich alluvium. The
rocks belong to the Carboniferous formation ; and
sandstone of excellent quality has long been worked in
the vicinity of Longannet. Coal and ironstone also
abound. Of the ancient castle of Tulliallan, 1 mile
N by W of Kincardine, nothing remains but the ground
story. It seems to have been a place of considerable
strength, engirt by a moat, which communicated with
the Forth. The lands of Tulliallan, long possessed by
the Blackadders, in 1798 were purchased by the distin-
guished admiral, the Hon. Sir George Keith-Elphinstone,
K.B. (1747-1823), who in 1814 was created Viscount
Keith, and who in 1S18-20 built the noble modern
castle of Tulliallan, 5 furlongs N by E of Kincardine.
On the death of his elder daughter, the Baroness Keith
and Nairne, and Comtesse de Flahault (1788-1867 : see
Meikleodr), Tulliallan passed to her half-sister, the
Hon. Mrs Villiers, who in 1870 formed a second
marriage with Lord William Godolphin Osborne, uncle
of the Duke of Leeds. Another mansion, Sands, is
noticed separately. Tulliallan is in the presbytery of
Dunblane and the synod of Perth and Stirling ; the
living is worth £327. The churches are described
under Kincardine. Tulliallan public and Kincardine
schools, with respective accommodation for 357 and
167 children, had (1884) an average attendance of 190
and 171, and grants of £177, 19s. and £149, 12s. 6d.
Valuation (1866) £7847, (1885) £8969. Pop. (1801)
2800, (1S31) 3550, (1861) 2410, (1871) 2184, (1881)
2207.— Ord. Sur., sh. 39, 1869.

Images and transcriptions on this page, including medium image downloads, may be used under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence unless otherwise stated. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence