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iT/.ITCHr-.. !-( £_« AI-.TJ
FA.RMF.'RS— continued.
Edgar John, Sleigh-bouees
Elliot John, Primrose hill
Hogg Robert, Preston
Logaa Abraham, Lintlaw
Bertram John, Cransbaws
Thin James, Smithy hill
Trotter James, Redpatb
AUan John, Dronsbiel
Bertram James, Blackerston
Brown John, Town bead
Edgar John, Caldra
Elliot William, Ellemford
Johnston James, Cattle shiel
Johnston Thomas, Fallcleugh
Logan Abraham, Blacksmill
Shiel George, Horsopcleugh
Aitchison James, miller, Abbey St. Batbans
Anderson Alex, shopkeeper, Longformacus
Anderson Adam, cartwright, Longformacus
Bell Alexander, blacksmith, Ellemford
Bell Mary Black, shopkeeper, Lornformacus
Eroomfleld James, joiner, Bunkle
Currio Janet, dressmaker, Longformacus
DarUng Mrs. — , shopkeeper. Abbey Saint
Batbans ^^ , ,
Dippie William, blacksmith, Preston, Bunklo
Glendinning George, blacksmith, Preston
baugh, Bunkle
Henry Wm. blacksmith, Blanerne, Bunkle
Hislop Catherine, d rt-ssmaker, Longformacus
Hialop George, tailor, Longformacus
Hume Thomas, shoemaker, Longformacus
Johnston Thomas, tailor. Blauerue, Bunkle
Lauder Robert, joiner, Cransbaws
Luke Andrew, miller, Longformacus
Luke David, blacksmith, Longlormacus
Mack John, shopkeeper, Ellemford
Mack Robert, joiner, Abbey St. Batbans
Mack Thomas, joiner, &c. Bunkle
Mackay Robert, blacksmith, Crossgate HaU,
Ovens David, tailor, Longformacus
Whitehead Robert, blacksmith. Abbey Saint
Wightman David, blacksmith, EUemford
Wood James, blacksmith, Longformacus
Young William, blacksmith, Cransbaws
and their ministers.
Established Chdkches—
Abbey St. Batbans— Rev. Peter Christie
Bunkle — Rev. John Dunlop
Cransbaws— Rev. Wilham M. Hutton
Longformacus— Rev. George Cook
Free Church, Longformacus — Rov. Goorga
1 The nearest Station to Cransbaws is Dunse,
I twelve miles distant. No conveyance
iThe nearest Stations to Bunkle are Chikx-
I SIDE, about two and a half miles distant, &
DuNSE five miles distant. No conveyance
To DUNSE, Alexander Gillie, from bis
bouse, Cransbaws, Tuesday, and John
Moffat, from his house, Abbey St. Batbans,
Tuesday & Friday
The -weekly
Fairs on the firsb
Ihe-tiiicst trout, atroids ample sp5rt'to Iho angler. Dunse Law, made to it in 1820, by its late propnetor, Colonel Hay. Amo^^^^
which rises to theheightof ibont five hundred feet at the back of the paintings in Dunse Oastlo are many ^^"'^'l^'^^J^J^^^^^^^^
town, is remarkable in the " Religious History of Scotland." On In particular the wel known ^'^^jly^e^^'^P' ^^J^^^^,^"^ f„^^^
the 6th of June, 1G39, when Charles I., with his army, lay encamped Lord Seton, the attached friend of Q"%" .^J.^F.^: ^.^"y.^^"^,^^^^^
at a place called the BirlvS, on the opposite side of the Tweed, with family. The places of worship ai;e, an ^stablii^hed chmch, a i i.^^^
the intention of rcducins^ the Covenanters, a Scottish covenanted ^ church, aUnited Presbyterian, anEpiscopahan chuich^^a
army of seventy thousaml men. under General Leslie, look up their CathoUc chapel, and there a^e Board, Ficechuich and inlau„
position here, to defend the country fromiuvasion. The army had a schools, and several private academies in tne town,
battery of fortv cannon, on the brow of the hill, pointing in the direc- j The parish of Dunse contains aboiit ll,JJb acies
tiouof the king's camp. Afterlying in this position forthreo weeks, | market for gram in bulk is held on iuesaay. ^;"J, ,
Charles I. was induced bv theii- threatening attitude to enter into a Thursday in June, the 26th of August and 17th of Novemhei on
treatv. in virtue of whichthetwoarmiesweredissolvcd. The scenery Tuesday alter for cattle or horses. Ihere ai. ?' mJI thT«..inn^
from "Dunse Law may be classed as beautiful, and would well repay on the first Tuesday m March, the first J^riday in May, the SLCona
a short sojourn in the town by the tourist or visitor. Dunse is a I Tuesday in July, and third Tuesday in feeptembei. ihe parish in
place of high antiquity, but from its situation near the border, it ; 1S71 contained a population of 3,602 j the town of iJum>e compii6-
waa frequently destroyed by the English before the succession of ing 2,61H of that number.
James to the throne of England; on one of these occasions the! edrom is a parish and village— the latter about three miles and a
town records were burned, so that no account of its origin or early j^^jj ^^^^^ from Dunse, situated near the road leading from that
history has been transmitted to later ages. The present town is ^^^^^^ ^^^ Chiinside, and on the banks of the Whiteadder. It is a
generally well built, the streets, lighted with gas, contain many gf-^ti^ju on the Dunse branch of the North British line ; the station is
about half a mile from the village. The parish of Edroui, which is
ten mUes in length by six in breadth, containing about 0,545 acres,
is wateied by the Blackaddcr and Whiteaddt-r streams; Dunse Spa,
once celebrated for its mineral properties, is on the borders of this
Much of the soil is fertile, and produces excellent corn.
well furnished and handsome shops. It is well supplied with good
water, and there are two hotels, viz., the White Swan Hotel, kept by
Mr. M'Alpin (who has made gi'eat improvements in Ibfi house to
ensure the comfort of visitors), and the Black Bull. There are
many handsome villas in the suburbs, which are everj \..iir extend-
ing. There are four branch banking housetj. The other iirincipal
businesses may be comprised in a brewery, several corn mills, a
rope walk, and a good grain trade. Dunse commands the principal
retail trade of the county, and is celebrated for its markets and
fairs for the sale of cattle, sheep, &c. At Cumledge, about two
miles north from Dunse, there is a large steam mill for the manu-
facture of blankets and plaidings. The mill was erected about
twenty-four years ago by Mr. Wm. Laidlaw, its present enterprising
and spirited proprietor, and it employs about one hundred hands.
It is the largest blanket manufactory in this part of Scotland*
The town is governed by a chief magistrate and commissioners
under the General Police and Improvement Act. 1862; the feuars
manage by a council of nine the property vested in them. Ajustice
of peace court is held on the first Monday of every month, aud a
sheriffs court eight times in the year, at both of which debt claims
of limited amount are adjudicated. The Town Hall, a fine Gothic
building, standing in the centre of the market place, was originally
founded by the Earl of Moray, and the present edifice erected in
1816 by the fetiars assisted by subscriptions. There is a Corn
Exchange and a handsome building called the County buildings, in
Newtown street, jvhere the courts are held, and which also contain
the police station. The learned and celebrated metaphysician and
theologiet, Joannes Duns Scotus, was boi*n here in 1274, and died
at Cologne in 1303. The Rev. Thomas Boston, author of the
"Fourfold State" and other works, Abraham Robertson, ll.d.,
POST OS'nCSS. Dunse, James M. Wilkie, Post Master.—Letiets from aU parts arrive at forty-five minute.'? past nine morn-
ing; fromEdinburghand the North at half-past four and f.even evening; and from all parts at forty-seven minutes past ten evcn:i {^,
and are despatched to all parts at ten minutes to eight morning; to Edinburgh and the North of England at twenty-hve minutes pubt
tliree afternoon ; and to London and the South and West of England at five minutes past four afternoon.
Money Order and Telegraph O^ce and Savings Banl:
Post 0£ace, Edrom, Jahn Wilson, Post Jl/oa^cr.— Letters from all parts an ive at half-past nine morning and nineteen minutes
past ten evening, and are despatched attwentv minutes past eight morning and thirteen minutes past four afternoon.
The nearest Moncij Order Office is at Dl'KSE, o^z miles distant.
Post Office, Gavinton, Allison Isabella Lyail, Post J/fs/ress.— Letters Irom all parts arrive (from Dunse) at half-past eleven
morning, and are despatched thereto at seven evening.
The nearest Money Order O^cc is at Dunse, 2 miles distant.
■ U 501
There is an Established church aud a Board school here. The
'parish of Edroni (which also contains the village of Allakton,
giveu with Chirnside) contained in 1871 a population of 1,.513.
Langton is a parish comprising the village of Gavinton, tbo
latter situated two miles from Dunse, and half a ruile south of the
site of the old village of Langton, which has entirely disappeared.
The present viUage, which is neat and regular in its form, obtained
its name from Mr. Gavin, the late proprietor of the estate of
Langton- it tow includes the whole parish, and belongs to Lady
Elizabeth Pringle, a descendant of Mr. Gavin. Formerly the pro-
prietor of Langton occupied a castle in Langton wood, but for the
last century the family have resided at the mansion here; Langton
House, which has recently been re-built on a palatial scale, is m tlio
Elizabethan stvlc of architecture. In a small chapel m Langton
wood, betwv!en"the years 1670 aud 1680, the Presbyterians used to
assemble for worship, and it was in this humble and secluded
temple that Veitch and some other eminent divines occasionally
preached. After the latter period it was used for a short time by
the Episcopalians, after which it fell to decay, and not a trace of
Ihe building now remains. Upon the top of the hiU called Baecleug-
head are the vestiges of an ancient British camp. There is a Free
church, a handsome new Eatabhshed church and a new Board
school in the village. The acreage of the parish of Langton is
about 7,139, and the population in 1871 was .548.

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