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in water, to shake off the water immediately, and to press the label upon the letter
with a piece of clean blotting-paper. When the gum is dull in appearance, it will re-
quire rather more time and moisture to make it stick firmly, than when it is glossy. The
purpose of wetting the label wholly, is to counteract the tendency it has to curl up
from the letter, when one side only is wetted, a tendency caused by the expansion of
that side as it imbibes the moisture.
Letters not exceeding Half an Ounce in weight, Id.; One Ounce, 2d. ; Two Ounces,
4d. ; Three Ounces, 6d., and so on, two rates being added for every ounce. Inland
Letters or Packets put unpaid into the letter-boxes, are charged double the prepaid
rates of postage. Letters having an insufficient amount of stamps affixed, are charged
with double the amount of the difference between the stamps affixed and the prepaid
A letter to pass unpaid by the post must not exceed Four Ounces. In the event of
any unpaid letter above the weight of four ounces being posted, it will be charged with
double the prepaid rate of postage ; if insufficiently paid, it will be charged with
double the amount of the difference between the stamps affixed and the prepaid rates,
and thus charged, " shall and may be detained and opened, and, at the option of the
Postmaster-General, shall be either returned or given up to the sender thereof, or be
given up to the person to whom it shall be addressed, or be forwarded to the place of
its destination." — Treasury Warrant, 22d October, 1847.
A letter to pass by the post, either paid or unpaid, must not exceed the dimensions
of twenty-four inches in length, or breadth, or width, or depth. Any letter above
these demensions may, if fully paid, be detained and opened, or forwarded at the option
of the Postmaster-General. Any letter unpaid, or insufficiently, will be taxed precisely
after the scale of charge mentioned in the preceding paragraph, as applicable to un-
paid letters exceeding four ounces weight, and thus charged, be either detained and
opened, and returned to the sender, or forwarded, at the option of the Postmaster-
General. The only exception to the foregoing regulations as to size and weight are
in the case of, — 1. Parliamentary proceedings or addresses to Her Majesty. 2. Peti-
tions to either Houses of Parliament, forwarded to any Member of such House. 3.
Printed votes or proceedings of Parliament. 4. Letters or packets to or from public
departments or public offices in Her Majesty's service. 5. Letters, &c, to or from
places abroad.
All persons sending letters by the post unpaid, which, from any cause whatever,
cannot be delivered to the parties to whom they are addressed, are liable to pay the
postage charged thereon, which may be recovered, with costs, by summary proceed-
ings before a Magistrate.
Printed Votes and Proceedings in Parliament. — Printed votes and pro-
ceedings in Parliament are charged at the following rate, between places in the United
Kingdom : — ■
Not exceeding 4 ounces, Id.
Exceeding 4 ounces, and not exceeding 8 ounces, 2d.
Exceeding 8 ounces, and not exceeding 12 ounces, 3d.
And so on in proportion. Prepayment optional.
And between the United Kingdom and the Colonies by Packet at the same rates,
except the following Colonies, viz., Prince Edward Island, Bermuda, British West
Indies (Barbadoes and Turks' Island excepted), British Guiana, Surinam, Cayenne,
Bahamas, Belize, Honduras, Guatemala, Malta, Gibraltar, which are charged 6d. under
half a lb., Is. under one lb., &c. — For Regulations, see Foreign Bonk Post.
Service of Parliamentary Notices. — These notices may be sent through the
Post, provided they are posted on or before the 12 th December, at the chief offices

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