Here you can view digitised material from the National Library of Scotland's outstanding collections.
This site charts the continuum of the Scots language in printed form, from the 15th century to the present day.
Read the diary, letters and poems of Marjory Fleming, adored in Victorian times, who died aged 8 in 1811.
|Scottish History Society publications
Original source material illustrating Scotland’s history from the 12th to 20th centuries, published by the Scottish History Society, with authoritative commentaries.
|An Comunn Gàidhealach|
Items from 1891 onwards published by An Comunn Gàidhealach, which organises the annual Royal National Mòd.
Further your family, local history or school project using this collection of thousands of zoomable maps of Scotland and beyond.
|Scottish Post Office directories|
Find where people lived and traded in Scotland between 1774 and 1911 by searching and browsing over 700 Post Office directories.
|Moving Image Archive
Watch films from Scotland's national moving images collection, which preserves over 100 years of Scottish history on film and video.
|Scottish Science Hall of Fame|
A tribute to 10 great Scottish scientists of the past. Read transcripts of letters, papers and published works about or by them.
|British military lists
Details of officers who served in the British Army, Navy and Air Force in the First and Second World Wars.
|The last letter of Mary Queen of Scots|
Read, in English and French, the last letter by Scotland's 16th-century queen, written only hours before her execution in Fotheringhay Castle.
|12 key Scottish plays 1970-2010
Introducing 12 of the major plays and major playwrights of Scotland. See images from theatre productions and related archive material.
|The word on the street|
Discover early news stories and ballads that informed and entertained Scots between 1650 and 1910 as you browse around 1,800 broadsides.
|First World War official photographs
Black-and-white photographs mainly of the Western Front during the First World War. From the papers of Field Marshal (Earl) Haig.
The life, work and legacy of Scotland's Bard, together with fascinating detail about original material in the Library's collections, and short song clips.
|Isabella Bird’s travel photographs
Adventurous Victorian travel writer Isabella Bird took photographs as she journeyed in the Far East, Persia and Morocco.
|Paddy Leigh Fermor's 1933 travel diary|
Read the journal written by Patrick ('Paddy') Leigh Fermor when he travelled on foot around Europe in 1933.
|Recipes from Scotland
Discover how the Scottish diet has changed over the centuries, read manuscript recipe books, and watch Sue Lawrence bake a cake.
Read and hear six stories of Scots who emigrated to start a new life between the 1770s and the 1930s.
|Chapbooks printed in Scotland
Small cheap booklets sold on Scotland's streets were essential reading material for the masses in the 18th and 19th centuries.
|Antiquarian Books of Scotland|
Books published after 1640, with a broad range of subjects and languages represented.
|Robert Louis Stevenson
A biography of story-teller and poet Robert Louis Stevenson, along with digitised early editions of 'Kidnapped' and other works.
There are 17 of William Shakespeare's plays in these 31 books, printed in quarto format between 1600 and 1639.
|Getting started with Shakespeare
Resources to help primary and secondary school pupils understand some of Shakespeare's works by exploring scenes and characters or writing sonnets.
View early editions of William Shakespeare's plays. Create a digital Shakespeare scrapbook and add your own images and text.
|Histories of Scottish families
Clan histories, memoirs and histories of Scottish families, mostly published in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
|Publications by Scottish clubs|
Historical texts from the 12th-19th centuries, edited by Scottish clubs, including manuscripts, church records, diaries, legends and literary texts.
Move along the timeline of key events in Scottish history, and discover along the way some of the 'treasures' held by the Library.
|Theatre posters 1870-1900|
A glimpse of the theatre in 19th-century Edinburgh — posters and photos of shows, pantomime characters, and actors and actresses of the day.
Photographs showing the building of the Forth Bridge, taken from 1886-1887, and the Tay Bridge after its collapse in 1879.
|Medical history of British India|
Search 426 volumes of rare official documents recording disease prevention and public health in India in the 19th and 20th centuries.
|The Bartholomew Archive
Read about the remarkable record of mapmaking and printing by the world-famous Bartholomew firm in Edinburgh from 1820 to 2002.
|Genealogical collections concerning families in Scotland 1750-1751|
Volume one of Walter Macfarlane's collection of genealogies of ancient Scottish families, compiled around 1750.
|Propaganda — a weapon of war
A selection of images of British Government propaganda which was used at home and in Europe during the Second World War.
|Golf in Scotland 1457-1744|
Take a swing through golf's early history. Key documents, including the first 'rules' of the game, show how golf developed in Scotland.
|Experiences of the Great War
The First World War experiences of four very different people — the General, the Nurse, the Soldier, and the Conscientious Objector.
|James VI and the Union of the Crowns|
A look at the union of the Scottish and English crowns in 1603, and the monarch who wanted to lead a peaceful, united Britain.
|First Scottish books
See online, page by page, 'The Chepman and Myllar Prints' — nine of the earliest books printed in Scotland, in or around 1508.
|Biographical dictionary of eminent Scotsmen|
Biographies of famous Scotsmen and some women, mostly of the 16th to the 19th centuries. Over 30 engraved portraits.
|Gazetteers of Scotland, 1803-1901
Browse and search 20 volumes of the most popular descriptive gazetteers of 19th-century Scotland, covering towns, counties, parishes, glens and more.
Dozens of zoomable engravings show us Scottish towns, castles and palaces from the 17th-century, as seen by military surveyor John Slezer.
|The Gutenberg Bible
Read our rare copy of the first book in Europe to be printed with moveable type. Johannes Gutenberg printed it in Germany around 1455.
Using material from her personal archive, we tell the story of the life and career of one of Scotland's greatest novelists, Dame Muriel Spark.
|The Auchinleck Manuscript
Middle English language and literature as Chaucer would have known it, contained in this rare document, with a full transcription.
|The photographs of John Thomson|
Find out about the Scottish photographer and traveller who helped pioneer photojournalism on London's Victorian streets.
|Early Gaelic book collections
Several hundred books in Gaelic and other Celtic languages, plus works about the Gaels, their languages, literature, culture and history
|Rare items in Gaelic|
Books, pamphlets and chapbooks printed in Gaelic between 1631 and 1900. Includes songs, poetry and religious books.
Browse over 2,300 broadside ballads, mostly from 19th-century England, with subjects ranging from courtship, occupations and emigration to patriotism and wars.
Castles, abbeys, battle grounds, harbours and landscapes in Scotland are among the subjects in this 19th-century book of engravings and descriptions.
|Military maps of Scotland
Maps and plans made for government troops by the Board of Ordnance during the Jacobite period in the 18th century.
|Special collections of printed music|
Volumes from two archives featuring 18th and 19th century Scottish printed music, and from one archive of the works of Verdi.
|The Murthly Hours
View each page of this book of prayer dated 1280 — one of the most richly illustrated manuscripts in Scotland during the Middle Ages.
|Rolls of honour|
Scottish listings of casualties and those who died while on active service during the First World War.
|Advocates Library catalogues
Volumes spanning over 200 years detailing mostly printed items, with some manuscripts, held by the Advocates Library.
|Bibliotheca Lindesiana catalogues|
Catalogues printed between 1877 and 1913 recording the special collections of the family library of the Earls of Crawford and Balcarres.
|Street literature about Napoleon's Wars
Chapbooks about events from the 1790s to the Battle of Waterloo, mostly ballads about military conflicts with Napoleon Bonaparte.
|Churchill: The evidence|
The life and times of Winston Churchill, MP for Dundee before he became a wartime Prime Minister. Features schools resources.
|The Moir Rare Book Collection
Learn about John William Moir's collection of rare books on all aspects of bees and beekeeping, including how bees 'sing'!
|Poems, chiefly in the Scottish dialect|
Read page by page the first published collection of poems by Robert Burns, known as 'The Kilmarnock edition', printed in 1786.
|The Duncan Street Explorer
Photos, audio recordings, floor plans and more help tell the story of the famous Bartholomew mapmakers of Edinburgh.
|Edinburgh characters by J Jenkins|
Edinburgh celebrities and unknown characters in coloured caricatures produced by J Jenkins between 1799 and 1805.
|Ladies' Edinburgh Debating Society publications
Magazines representing a key moment in Scottish women's history. Published between 1865 and 1880, with general interest articles, fiction and poetry.
|The Blaeu Atlas|
The first Atlas of Scotland, printed in 1654, containing 49 engraved maps, and 154 pages of descriptive text translated from Latin.
|The spread of Scottish printing
Trace the spread of printing across Scotland from 1508 to 1900. Read an early item produced in 73 of the first printing towns.
|Phoebe Anna Traquair|
Examine in detail Traquair's exquisite illuminated manuscript of Elizabeth Barrett Browning's 'Sonnets from the Portuguese'.
|Jacobite prints and broadsides
Portraits of people and illustrations of events relating to the Jacobite Rebellions in Scotland in 1715 and 1745-1746.
|A guid cause|
The history of women's suffrage in Scotland, with photographs, newspaper reports, diary entries and other sources. Activities for secondary schools.
Explore the spirit of enquiry, debate, and improvement which characterised the Scottish Enlightenment during the 18th century.
|Scottish history in print|
Two major Jacobite sources are online as keyword searchable files, together with details of thousands of works published by historical clubs.
|Pencils of light
Delve into photographic history with 300 images taken in the 1840s by the Edinburgh Calotype Club - the world's first photography society.
|The Aberdeen Breviary|
See the Latin church service book that was the reason printing was introduced to Scotland. Printed in Edinburgh in 1510.
Around 70 posters issued in the Soviet Union between 1919 and1930, relating to the Russian Civil War and economic and social issues.
Five volumes about the counties of Scotland, published in 1887. Includes parish histories and a dictionary of places.
|Scottish decorative bookbinding
Distinctive examples of bookbinding created in Scotland, from our pre-eminent collection of decorative bindings, which spans 500 years.
Documents and drawings of Scottish castles, landscapes, churches and other religious buildings, collected by George Henry Hutton.
|Photographs of the south side of Edinburgh
Black-and-white photos of tenements and shops around St Leonards, Edinburgh, taken in 1929 by Alfred Henry Rushbrook.
Who are the people in these photos of sporting events in Scotland around the late 19th century? Can you help us find out?
|The write stuff
Modern Scottish writers — among them J K Rowling, Liz Lochhead and George Mackay Brown — through the lens of photographer Gordon Wright.
|Playbills of the Theatre Royal Edinburgh|
Find out about this important theatre in the 19th century by searching through our selection of playbills.
|Out of Africa: The Kirk papers
An overview of the personal papers of Sir John Kirk, a British Consul in Africa who explored the Zambesi with David Livingstone.
|Morall fabillis of Esope the Phyrgia|
'Aesop's Fables' put into Scots by 15th-century poet Robert Henryson, who lived in Dunfermline. This edition printed in 1571 in Edinburgh.
|Blighty and Sea Pie
Editions of two magazines published for Britain's fighting forces between 1917 and 1919, with pictures, stories, poems and humour.
|Gospel of St Matthew adapted for the blind|
A 19th-century edition of a book of the Bible with the text embossed for blind people to feel.