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  THE CELTIC MONTHLY.
  His family consists of five sons and one
  daughter, among -whom the language of their
  forefathers is still retained, so that we may
  truly say of "The Reay Mackay" that he
  follows the Ossianic injunction
  Lean iju diiu le cliu du shinnsew.
  GENERAL SIMON FRASER.
  BY .1. P. MACLEAX.
  j^^IREN who have fallen during misfortunes
  ^^h seldom have their virtues recorded by
  Js^^ those who should perpetuate their
  memories, (treat Britain has been remiss in her
  treatment of departed heroes who have fallen
  amidst disaster in her wars. Among her worthy
  sons, none ever were braver, nor truer to her
  interests than Brigadier General Simon Fraser.
  The disasters that overtook the ill-fated ai-my of
  Burgoyne were by no meaus due to him, nor to
  any others whose misfortunes led them to sur-
  render at Saratoga. At the door of Lord George
  Germaiue, Minister of War, must be laid the
  calamity that overtook the best equipped British
  army that ever marched upon the soil of the
  New World. The bravery of this entire army
  has never been (juestioned ; and yet there has
  been a tendency in Gi'eat Britain to forget the
  soldiers and their commanders. It is certainly
  strange that American pens have written most
  (■(inceriiing the affairs of Hurgoyne and the
  \al(inius deeds of his soldiers. The name of
  General Fraser is better known to the American
  reader than to the British; and his deeds and
  fair name live almost solely in the recollections
  of those whofse country he sought to overthrow.
  Alth(jugh he was the trusted adviser of hjs
  commander, yet De Fonblaffque in his " fjife of
  Burgoyne" (published 1873) has but little to
  say of the devoted general. Mackenzie in his
  "History of the Erasers" (181)6) devotes le.ts
  than three ]:iages to his life and character.
  The life and public services of General Simon
  Fraser should be written. Some one of that
  surname should be fired with ambition to do
  honour to his clan and his country by presenting
  to the public, at least the military .servires of
  him who had no superior in his tribe.
  Although I have collected considerable material
  relating to the life of General Fraser, yet it is
  my purpose only to give an imperfect sketch of
  this brave ofKcer who fell where his sen.se of
  duty had called him.
  Brigadier Simon Phaser was the tenth son of
  Alexander Fraser, second of Balnaiu. The lauds
  of ]5alnain had been acquired from Hugh, tenth
  Lord of Lovat, liy Big Hugh, grandf.ather of
  Simon. Alexander was in possession of the
  lands as early as 1730, and for his first wife had
  Jane, daughter of William Fraser, eighth of
  Foyers, by whom he had issue six sons and one
  daughter. In 1716 he married Jean, daughter
  of Angus, tenth Mackintosh of Kyllachy, by
  whom he had issue five sons and three daughters,
  Simon being the fourth son, and born May 26th,
  1720.
  In all probability it would be a difficult task
  to determine the date of his first commission in
  the British army owing to the fact that no less
  than eight Simon Frasers apiiear in the Army
  List of 1757, six of whom belonged to Eraser's
  Highlanders, as the Second Highland Battalion,
  afterwards the 78th Foot was called. The
  subsequent commissions may positively be traced
  as follows : — In the 78th Foot, lieutenant,
  January 5th, 1757, captain-lieutenant, Septem-
  ber 27th, 1758, captain, April 22nd, 1759;
  major in the army, March 17G1 ; in the 24th
  Foot, major, February 8th, 1762, and lieutenant-
  colonel, July Uth, 1768. January 10th, 1776,
  General Carleton appointed him to act as briga-
  dier till the king's pleasure could be known,
  which in due time was confirmed. His last
  commission was that of colonel in the army,
  being ga/.etted July 22nd, 1777. He served in
  the Scots Regiment in the Dutch service and
  was wounded at Bergen ap-Zoon iu 1747. He
  was with his regiment in the expedition against
  Loui.sbourg in 1758 and accompanied General
  Wolfe to Quebec in 1759, and was the officer
  who answered the hail of the enemy's sentry in
  French, and made him believe that the troops
  who surprised the Heights of .Vbraham were the
  Regiment de la Rhine.
  After the fall of Quebec, for a few years he
  did garrison duty at Gibraltar. Through the
  interest of the Marquis of Townshend, who
  appointed him his aid-de-camp in Ireland, he
  was selected as quartermaster-general to the
  troops then stationed in that countrj'. While
  stationed in Ireland he was selected by
  General Burgoyne as one of his commanders for
  his expedition against the Americans. On the
  5th of April, 1776, he embarked with the 24th
  Foot, and arrived in (Quebec on the 28th of the
  following May. He commanded the light
  brigade on Burgoyne's campaign, and was thus
  ever in ailvance, rendering throughout the most
  efficient services, and had the singular good
  foi tune to increase his reputation. He assisted
  in driving the Americans out of Canada, and
  defeated them in the battle at Three Rivers,
  followed by that of Hubbardton, July 7th, 1777.
  Had his views prevailed, the blunder of sending
  heavy German dismounted dragoons to Benning-
  ton, and the consequetit disaster would never
  have been committed.

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