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  THE CELTIC MONTHLY.
  107
  The career of this dauutless hero uow rapiilly
  drew near to its close. L'p to the battle of
  Bennington almost iiuexanipled success had
  attended the expedition of Biirgoj'ne. The
  turning' point had come. The battle of Benning--
  ton iufuseil the Americans with a new and
  indomitable spirit ; the murder, by savages, of
  the beautiful Miss Jane MacRae, aroused the
  passions of war ; the failure of General Clinton
  toco-operate with Burgoyne; tlie rush of the
  militia to the aid of Gates, and the detachment
  of Morgan's riflemen by Washington fi-om his
  own army to the assistance of the imperiled
  north, all conspired to turn the tide of success,
  and invite the victorious army to a disastei',
  rendered famous in the annals of history.
  On September l-'ith, the British army crossed
  the Hudson, by a bridge of rafts, witli the
  design of forming a junction with Sir Henry
  Clinton at Albany. The army was in excellent'
  order and in the highest spirits, and the perils of '
  the expedition seemed practically over. The
  army marched a short distance along the western
  bank of the Hudson, and on the 1 4th encamped
  on the heights of Saratoga, distant about sixteen
  miles from Albany. On the 10 th a battle was
  fought between the British right wing and a
  strong body of Americans. In this action the
  right column was led by General Fraser, who,
  on the first onset, wheeled his troops and forced
  Morgan to give way. Morgan was speedily
  re-enforced, when the action became general.
  SINK IN KKASf;R.
  When the battle appeared to he in the grasp of
  the British, and just as Fraser and Breymann
  were preparing to follow up the advantage, they
  were recalled by Burgoyue and reluctantly forced
  to retreat. Both Fraser and Riedesel (commander
  of the Brunswick contingent) bitterly criticised
  the order, and in plain terms informed Burgoyne
  that he did not know how to avail himself of
  advantages. The next day Burgoyne devoted
  himself to the laying out of a fortified camp.
  The right wing was placed under the command
  of Fraser. The situation now began to grow
  critical. Provisions became scarce. October 5th
  a council of war was held, and the advice of
  both Fraser and Riedesel was to fall back
  immediately to their old position beyond the
  Batten Kil. Burgoyne finally determined on a
  r'econnaissance in force. So, on the morning of
  October 7th, with fifteen hirudr-ed men, accom-
  panied by Gener-al Fraser, Riedesel, arrd Phillips,
  the division advanced in three columns towards
  the left wing of the American position. In
  advance of the right wing. General Fraser had
  command of five hundred picked men. The
  Americans fell upon the British advance with
  fury, and soon a general battle was errgaged in.
  Morgatr poured down like a torrent from the
  ridge that skirted the flanking party of Fraser,
  and forced the latter back, and then by a rapid
  movement to the left fell upon the flank of the

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