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Thumbnail for 'Shells Tommy likes'

(1) Front cover - Shells Tommy likes [ID: 74461232]

Cover illustration by Sproat. Set in a wintry landscape, this painting shows a smiling, pipe-smoking officer being bombarded with snowballs by a group of happy women and children. As this is the Christmas 1917, the officer is dressed in warm furs and has a sprig of mistletoe on his cap badge. Many covers of Blighty contained a central figure of a handsome, dashing soldier embracing an equally attractive female. Quite often, the soldier on the cover was an officer.

Artist: Sproat

Thumbnail for 'With the Indian Cavalry in France'

(2) Inside front cover - With the Indian Cavalry in France [ID: 74458453]

Advertisement for Wolseley motorcars. This advert reads: "WOLSELEY. On War Service. / WITH THE INDIAN CAVALRY IN FRANCE / WOLSELEY MOTORS LIMITED / (Proprietors: VICKERS, LIMITED,) / ADDERLEY PARK, BIRMINGHAM." The artist's name is illegible. British officers in their car, are driving past Indian cavalry in a field.

Thumbnail for 'Bringing home the Xmas goose'

(3) Page 2 - Bringing home the Xmas goose [ID: 74458934]

Cartoon by 'Poy'. This cartoon shows a British soldier kicking a captured German soldier on his bottom, while taking him to prison. The caption reads: 'BRINGING HOME THE XMAS GOOSE'. With Christmas decorations on his shoulders and head, this captured German soldier is the symbolic goose. The signpost reads: TO THE CAGES. 'Poy' was the pseudonym of P.H. Fearon, who worked as a cartoonist for 'The Evening News'.

Artist: Feron, Percy Hutton, 1874-1948

Thumbnail for 'Give us another Woodbine, Bill, or I'll leave you to it'

(4) Page 5 - Give us another Woodbine, Bill, or I'll leave you to it [ID: 74462285]

This cartoon, by Gunner O.L. Bullock, shows a soldier in a wheelchair with his helper, speaking with three elderly and very respectable-looking women. The caption reads: 'GIVE US ANOTHER WOODBINE, BILL, OR I'LL LEAVE YOU TO IT!' The humour in this cartoon centres on the temporary imbalance of power between the soldier in the wheelchair and his helper. Clearly, the wheelchair-bound soldier cannot go anywhere without the help of his assistant. In turn, this means that unless the helper receives an acceptable quota of Woodbines, he will leave the wounded solider to converse with the ladies. Interestingly, the artist who drew this cartoon, Gunner O.L. Bullock, names a hospital as his place of residence rather than a regiment. Perhaps Gunner Bullock was drawing on his own experiences for this cartoon?

Artist: Bullock, O. L.

Thumbnail for 'Put down your hand, Ikey'

(5) Page 6 - Put down your hand, Ikey [ID: 74464807]

By Private R. Inward, this cartoon shows two soldiers in a trench under heavy gunfire, with one of the soldiers complaining that it is his comrade’s sparkling diamond ring which is attracting the gunfire. The caption reads: 'PUT DOWN YOUR HAND, IKEY, PUT DOWN YOUR HAND! - IT’S YOUR DIAMOND THAT’S ATTRACTING THE FIRE!' The 'Jordan Highlanders' was a nickname given to two battalions of Jews in the Royal Fusiliers who formed part of Major-General Chaytor's force in the Jordan Valley and in Transjordania in September, 1918. 'Ikey' is short for Isaac.

Artist: Inward, R.

Thumbnail for 'And how were you wounded?'

(6) Page 12 - And how were you wounded? [ID: 74458578]

Cartoon by George S. Dixon, "after Chalky". This cartoon shows a wounded soldier of small stature speaking with a tall woman on the subject of how he came by his injuries. The caption reads: 'Sylvia (sympathetically): "AND HOW WERE YOU WOUNDED?" / Tommy: "I WAS HIT BY A HIGH EXPLOSIVE." / Sylvia: "GOOD GRACIOUS, HOWEVER COULD THAT HAPPEN? YOU'RE NOT IN THE LEAST TALL."' As with so many cartoons from 'Blighty' magazine, the humour of this cartoon revolves around a woman's incorrect interpretation of some military term.

Artist: Dixon, George S.

Thumbnail for 'Unprescribed treatment'

(7) Page 15 - Unprescribed treatment [ID: 74466337]

'Unprescribed Treatment', by Arthur Ferrier, after Sapper C. Marr, Royal Engineers. This cartoon shows a convalescing soldier and a pretty female nurse kissing one another. There is no accompanying text for this cartoon. This cartoon suggests that what soldiers need to aid their recovery, is to be kissed by pretty nurses. The cartoon was drawn by Arthur Ferrier (1891-1973). An analytical chemist by profession, Ferrier also worked as a freelance cartoonist, contributing material to publications such as 'The Daily Record' and 'Punch'.

Artist: Ferrier, Arthur

Thumbnail for 'It’s all right now, Bill'

(8) Page 16 - It’s all right now, Bill [ID: 74462769]

With explosions in the background, this cartoon (by Dr. E. S. J. Hall) shows an overturned car that has been hit by a shell, with its two dazed occupants. The caption reads: 'IT'S ALL RIGHT NOW, BILL! YOU CAN COME OUT - THERE AIN'T ANY MORE COMING!' This cartoon is most likely a joke on the theme of displaying 'coolness under fire', a quality often rewarded with medals. The humour centres on the fact that, even if he wanted to, the man trapped underneath the wrecked car is not going anywhere without help.

Illustrator: Hall, E. S. J.

Thumbnail for 'Why the blazes did you fire after I gave the cease fire?'

(9) Page 19 - Why the blazes did you fire after I gave the cease fire? [ID: 74466471]

Located at an army firing range, this cartoon (by Sergeant T. Crewe) contains a short conversation between a despairing sergeant-major and a raw recruit who has just arrived from England. The caption reads: 'Sergeant.-Major (at Training Area): "WHY THE BLAZES DID YOU FIRE AFTER I GAVE THE 'CEASE FIRE'?" / Just out from England: "OH, IT'S ALL RIGHT, SIR - IT WOULDN'T GO VERY FAR." / "WHAT D'YOU MEAN BY 'WOULDN'T GO VERY FAR?" / "WHY, I DIDN'T PULL IT very HARD, SIR."' This cartoon plays on how completely hopeless new recruits can be when they first join the army. In this instance, the gormless lad firing the rifle thinks that how far the bullet travels depends entirely on how hard he squeezes the rifle's trigger - hence the despairing and incredulous sergeant-major. Interestingly, the cartoon was actually drawn by a sergeant of the 6th East Yorkshire Regiment.

Artist: Crewe, T.

Thumbnail for 'I knew it - no luck for seven years'

(10) Page 19 - I knew it - no luck for seven years [ID: 74462570]

This cartoon, by Private N. Kirby, shows an off-duty British soldier buried underneath flying glass and assorted debris, as a result of an artillery shell exploding on his dug-out. The caption reads: 'Tommy (whose shaving has been interrupted and glass smashed): "I KNEW IT - NO LUCK FOR SEVEN YEARS!"' This cartoon plays on the superstition that breaking a mirror results in seven years' bad luck, while the buried soldier has just had a very lucky escape. Private N. Kirby was a member of the Royal Army Medical Corps (RMAC).

Illustrator: Kirby, N.

Thumbnail for 'When yer makes yer point with the bayonet, grind yer teeth, roll yer eyes, and get the wind up 'im, see'

(11) Page 20 - When yer makes yer point with the bayonet, grind yer teeth, roll yer eyes, and get the wind up 'im, see [ID: 74466461]

'When yer makes yer point with the bayonet', by A.M. and Lieutenant Corporal L. Mosley. This cartoon shows an instructor giving advice to three soldiers, concerning the fierce expression they should have on their faces when attacking the enemy with their bayonets. The caption reads: 'Instructor: "WHEN YER MAKES YER POINT WITH THE BAYONET, GRIND YER TEETH, ROLL YER EYES, AND GIT THE WIND UP 'IM, SEE?" / Recruit: "RIGHT YOU ARE, NOBBY, BUT LEND US YOUR FICE [i.e. face]!"' Written in Cockney dialect, this cartoon shows a British soldier making a cheeky remark to his instructor during bayonet practice. The humour centres on the brutal facial appearance that the instructor wants the men to adopt during their bayonet practice. When advised about this, one soldier replies that he could only ever wear such an expression if he borrows the instructor's face. The cartoonist identifies himself only as 'AM', and notes underneath his signature that the cartoon is from a sketch by a Lieutenant Corporal L. Mosley of the 4th Sherwoods.

Artist: Mosley, L.

Artist: M., A., cartoonist

Thumbnail for 'When there is anything on, I am always certain to be pretty near it'

(12) Page 21 - When there is anything on, I am always certain to be pretty near it [ID: 74466460]

'When there is anything on', by Private Percy Cannot. This cartoon shows a frozen soldier standing in the snow outside an Officers’ Mess, watching the silhouettes of his superior officers drinking a toast with champagne. The caption reads: 'Extract from letter home: "WHEN THERE IS ANYTHING ON, I AM ALWAYS CERTAIN TO BE PRETTY NEAR IT."' Despite the propaganda claiming the contrary, it was well known that many of the ordinary soldiers were contemptuous of their superior officers. This cartoon, drawn by Private Percy Cannot, captures this 'Us v. Them' sentiment perfectly. It could be that the unusual name, Percy Cannot, is a pseudonym.

Illustrator: Cannot, Percy

Thumbnail for 'Now, about the treatment of feet'

(13) Page 22 - Now, about the treatment of feet [ID: 74463645]

This cartoon shows a veterinary officer quizzing an experienced soldier about how to care for horses. The caption reads: 'Veterinary Officer (examining men on horse management): "NOW, ABOUT THE TREATMENT OF FEET; IF A HORSE HAD FOUR BAD FEET, WHAT WOULD YOU DO?" / Old Hand: "INDENT FOR A NEW 'ORSE, SIR."' Drawn by Private F. Sherwin of the Honourable Artillery Company (HAC), this cartoon plays on the idea of an experienced hand giving clever and funny answers to questions posed to him by superior officers. The joke is that the 'old hand' would not bother treating the injured horse, but would instead send out a written order for a replacement horse.

Illustrator: Sherwin, F.

Thumbnail for 'O.H.M.S. (On His Majesty's Service)'

(14) Page 23 - O.H.M.S. (On His Majesty's Service) [ID: 74458450]

Advertisement for Triplex Safety Glass. This advert comprises sketches of various uses for safety glass, but all within the realm of military functions. There are pieces of text on the sheet which describe the glass, its uses and suggest reasons for the purchase of the glass. The suggestion is that Triplex would make an ideal gift for a serviceman.

Thumbnail for 'Final test'

(15) Page 25 - Final test [ID: 74465713]

'The Final Test', by Sapper C. Marr, Royal Engineers. This cartoon shows a potential female recruit to the women's army trembling on a chair, having leapt there after the recruiting officer mischievously produced a large mouse or a rat as part of the entrance test. The caption reads: 'UNFIT.' British women played a massive role in the Allied war effort during World War I, and were, possibly, rewarded with the extension of the franchise in 1918. However, the cartoonist, Sapper C. Marr of the Royal Engineers, updates the old joke about women being afraid of mice, suggesting such a test could be used to determine which females are fit for active service.

Illustrator: Marr, C.

Thumbnail for 'Who’s yer friend, mate - Joan of Arc?'

(16) Page 25 - Who’s yer friend, mate - Joan of Arc? [ID: 74466469]

By W. Smithson Broadhead, this cartoon shows a British soldier joking with a fellow soldier about a German prisoner who is under his supervision. The caption reads: 'Tommy (to Escort with prisoner wearing body shield): "WHO'S YER FRIEND, MATE - JOAN OF ARC?" / Escort: "DUNNO - BUT IF YOU'LL LEND ME A TIN OPENER, I'LL HAVE A LOOK AT ITS IDENTITY DISC."' These two British soldiers swap a joke concerning the body armour being worn by this captured German soldier. Unlike most of the contributors to 'Blighty', W. Smithson Broadhead was a professional commercial artist who also designed railway posters.

Publisher: Broadhead, W. Smithson, 1888-1960

Thumbnail for 'Their first meeting'

(17) Page 27 - Their first meeting [ID: 74466114]

This drawing illustrates the joyful moment when a soldier, only just returned from the war, meets his son for the first time. There is no dialogue in this drawing. 'By 'Rip', after Lieutenant Hill, Canadians.

Illustrator: Hill, Rowland, 1873-1925?

Thumbnail for 'From an observation post'

(18) Page 28 - From an observation post [ID: 74462184]

Cartoon by Rifleman F. Exton. This cartoon shows a panic-stricken look-out atop a rather precarious, shell-damaged observation tower, staring down, in some alarm, as two large artillery shells head straight for the tower. The cartoon appears to be designed in the style of a standard postcard that soldiers often sent home to their relatives to let them know where they were posted. In the top left corner of the cartoon, there is a menu of choices that the sender can select to indicate his current state of health. This could be a subversive snipe at the censorship of soldiers' letters, given the way in which the postcard's satirical menu of pre-written phrases all support the concept that everything is going extremely well. The main joke of the cartoon centres on the double meaning of the common military expression that appears on the postcard, 'I am being sent down to the base, soon' - with the emphasis on 'down'.

Illustrator: Exton, F.

Thumbnail for 'Comforter'

(19) Page 29 - Comforter [ID: 74465642]

'The Comforter', by Corporal J.C. Walker, Royal Engineers. This cartoon shows a young lady reassuring her fiancé that she will remain true to him regardless of when his next leave is. The caption reads: Kitty (encouragingly, to her intended about to return to the Front): "NOW, JIM, DO CHEER UP; YOUR LITTLE GIRL WILL BE TRUE TO YOU EVEN IF YOU DON'T GET LEAVE AGAIN FOR FIFTY YEARS".

Illustrator: Walker, J. C., Corporal

Thumbnail for 'In your parcel'

(20) Page 33 - In your parcel [ID: 74458425]

Advertisement for Clarnico Lily Caramels. Some of the wording reads: 'In your parcel - Clarnico Lily Caramels'. There is a picture of a little, doll-like figure handing a soldier an unwrapped sweetie out of the box. The advert also reveals that the caramels were made by Clarke, Nickolls and Coomb's, Ltd., of London (Clarnico).

Thumbnail for 'Go slowly to avoid raising the dust'

(21) Page 35 - Go slowly to avoid raising the dust [ID: 74461038]

Cartoon by Private V.F. Cottrell of the 112th Field Ambulance Regiment. The caption reads: 'Tommy: "--?!?**!!--" (Deleted by Censor.)' A sign posted on a tree beside the drenched soldier advises drivers to drive slowly so as to avoid raising dust on the road.

Illustrator: Cottrell, V. F.

Thumbnail for 'Now, are there any questions you would like to ask on the subject?'

(22) Page 37 - Now, are there any questions you would like to ask on the subject? [ID: 74463646]

By Private H. Greenhalgh, this cartoon shows an officer asking four soldiers if they have any questions for him regarding the lecture he has just given them. The caption reads: Officer (after lecture): "NOW, ARE THERE ANY QUESTIONS YOU WOULD LIKE TO ASK ON THE SUBJECT?" / Private Foozle: "DO YOU THINK WE ARE WINNING, SIR?"'.

Illustrator: Greenhalgh, H.

Thumbnail for 'Near the trenches'

(23) Page 40 - Near the trenches [ID: 74458428]

Advertisement for 'T.M.', "the standard dentifrice". There is straightforward text explaining the uses of the dentifrice, its cost and where it can be purchased. There is also a cartoon of a middle-aged man wearing a smoking jacket and enjoying his pipe.

Thumbnail for 'End in sight'

(24) Page 41 - End in sight [ID: 74465694]

'The end in sight', by Sergeant W. Sawers, Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC). This cartoon shows two Scottish soldiers, Hughie and Wullie, looking at a signpost and commenting on how close they must now be to Berlin. The caption reads: 'THE END IN SIGHT. / "LOOK, HUGHIE - IT'S ONLY A HUNNER MILES TO BERLIN." / "TUTS MAN, WULLIE! THAT WAS AFORE THE WAR. AFTER A' THIS ADVANCING, IT CANNA BE SAE FAR NOO."' Although most of the content that appeared in 'Blighty' magazine resembled government propaganda, there is an ambiguous element to this cartoon. For though it can be read as a simple piece of morale-boosting propaganda, it can also be read as an ironic comment on how little progress has in fact been made since the war started.

Illustrator: Sawers, W.

Thumbnail for 'Men we seldom meet'

(25) Page 42 - Men we seldom meet [ID: 74463394]

By Private A.E. Bestall, A.S.C. This cartoon depicts a beautiful, well-dressed woman, with a cute little girl peeking out from behind her skirts. The sign above the door is in French. There is a dapper-looking soldier in the doorway, bowing over very formally, with a book jammed under his arm. The text reads: ''MEN WE SELDOM MEET. - THE MAN WHO STICKS TO THE PHRASE-BOOK TIL HE REALLY "SPOKE LIKE A NATIVE".'

Illustrator: Bestall, Alfred

Thumbnail for 'Conscientious leadswinger'

(26) Page 42 - Conscientious leadswinger [ID: 74465649]

'The Conscientious Leadswinger' by Private A.E. Bestall, A.S.C. This cartoon belongs to a set of three drawn by A. E. Bestall. Here, four men (two soldiers and two officers) are grouped round a table with a pile of money in front of one of the officers. They are surrounded by tents and one of the officers has a sheet of paper in his hands. The text reads: 'THE CONSCIENTIOUS LEADSWINGER WHO REFUSES HIS PAY WHENEVER HE THINKS HE HAS NOT EARNED IT'. 'Leadswinger' is slang for a skiver.

Artist: Bestall, Alfred

Thumbnail for 'M.T. driver who was caught driving within the speed limit'

(27) Page 42 - M.T. driver who was caught driving within the speed limit [ID: 74465876]

'The M.T. driver' by Private A.E. Bestall, A.S.C. This cartoon by Bestall, depicts two men, one driver and one officer, standing in front of a truck. Two more officers are standing in the background cheering. The text reads: ' - THE M.T. DRIVER WHO WAS CAUGHT DRIVING WITHIN THE SPEED LIMIT.' There are two further cartoons in this series in the collection.

Thumbnail for 'Here, wot d'you mean sitting in the mud when an officer approaches?'

(28) Page 43 - Here, wot d'you mean sitting in the mud when an officer approaches? [ID: 74462413]

This cartoon ( by Private J. Wood ) shows a sergeant-major gruffly asking a soldier why he is sitting on the ground instead of standing and saluting the officer in the background. The caption reads: 'Sergeant- Major (to man who has slipped): "HERE, WOT D'YOU MEAN SITTING IN THE MUD WHEN AN OFFICER APPROACHES? WHY DIDN'T YOU SALUTE? DIDN'T YOU SEE THE STARS?" / Culprit: "YESSIR - I SAW THE STARS - ONLY I COULDN'T COUNT 'EM, THEY WERE SO MANY, AND WERE ALL MIXED UP IN THE MUD." This cartoon, drawn by a private, has as its subject matter a hectoring sergeant-major picking on a lower rank soldier. The humour involves the different interpretations of the word, 'stars'. While the sergeant-major is referring to the stars on the officer's tunic, the private is talking about either the stars in the sky or the stars one sees after receiving a blow to the head.

Illustrator: Wood, J., Private

Thumbnail for 'Lend me a franc, Tam'

(29) Page 45 - Lend me a franc, Tam [ID: 74463056]

This cartoon, by Horace Gaffron, shows two Scots soldiers in a trench arguing about the borrowing and lending of money. The caption reads: 'Sandy: "LEND ME A FRANC, TAM" / Tam: "NA, I CANNA DAE THAT." / Sandy: "IT'S A SMA' THING TO REFUSE." / Tam: "AY, BUT YOU WOULDNAE PAY ME BACK, AND THEN YOU AN' ME WAD QUARREL; SO WE MAY JUST AS WEEL QUARREL NOO, WHILE THE MONEY'S IN MY POCKET."' This cartoon plays on the national stereotype of Scots being mean. The cartoonist, Horace 'Jock' Gaffron, was a member of the Gordon Highlanders. While fighting at the Somme in 1916, he lost his right leg. Despite this, he lived until he was 103, and passed away on April the 15th 2000, at the British Limbless Ex-Servicemen's Home in Crieff, Perthshire, Scotland.

Illustrator: Gaffron, Horace

Thumbnail for 'Can you catch the boat for Blighty?'

(30) Page 46 - Can you catch the boat for Blighty? [ID: 74461005]

This drawing is a military version of the traditional maze puzzles that often appear in magazines. The caption reads: 'CAN YOU CATCH THE BOAT FOR BLIGHTY? / Instructions: THE PUZZLE IS TO FIND THE LINE THAT LEADS TO THE SHIP IN THE CENTRE, STARTING FROM POINTS 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, OR 6.' The artist who drew this is not identified.

Thumbnail for 'Pull up, pull up, Sir'

(31) Page 47 - Pull up, pull up, Sir [ID: 74464803]

By Corporal G.H. Warwick, this cartoon shows an officer called Dr. Doolan clinging desperately to the neck of a horse as it rears up, while a sergeant shouts at him with advice. The caption reads: 'Instructor: "PULL UP, PULL UP, SIR - YOU MUSTN’T GALLOP THE HORSE LIKE THAT!" / Dr. Doolan: "ALL ROIGHT, ALL ROIGHT, SERGEANT! OI'M ONLY SHOWING THE BHOYS HOW TO DO AN HOUR'S EXERCISE IN TWINTY MINUTES."' The artist who drew this cartoon was not a well-known cartoonist. This is not surprising, however, since many of the contributors to 'Blighty' magazine were soldiers rather than professional artists and writers.

Illustrator: Warwick, G. H.

Thumbnail for 'Ten little soldier boys'

(32) Page 49 - Ten little soldier boys [ID: 74465511]

This cartoon, by Able Seaman J.S. Sharp, Howe Battalion, Royal Naval Division, is a play on traditional songs, like 'Ten green bottles standing on a wall'. As the narrative progresses a soldier is lost each time, with the text on the left matching the picture on the right and vice versa. The incidents which befall each soldier range from the light-hearted, getting drunk, to the much more serious, being hit by a German shell. Despite this they are all treated in the same fashion, and most aspects of the ordinary soldiers' war experience are covered. The piece ends with a soldier fainting on seeing a billboard announcing that the war is over. The comments, however, do go a little deeper. The number of soldiers here, are continually being reduced, without any signs of replacements. Another aspect of this is the group of ten. Characteristically, friends, families and villages, tended to sign on together and so were placed together. As a result, when tragedies happened, whole communities were wiped out at once.

Illustrator: Sharp, A. B.

Thumbnail for 'For the trenches'

(33) Page 51 - For the trenches [ID: 74458437]

Advertisement for "Kampite" safety trench cookers. This advert reads: 'FOR THE TRENCHES. "KAMPITE" (patent applied for) SAFETY TRENCH COOKER. NO SPIRIT. NO LIQUID. CHEAP, CLEAN AND RELIABLE'. Although called a 'cooker', the package actually contains fuel bricks and a collapsible stand. The whole package was produced by Bryant and May.

Thumbnail for 'Fortify your boots'

(34) Page 51 - Fortify your boots [ID: 74458441]

Advertisement for Philips military soles and heels. The image contained down the right of this advert, illustrates the shape and contours of the shoe sole which is being advertised. There are endorsements from ranking soldiers carried along the top, which refer to money saved and comfortable durability. Finally, each type of sole is linked to a military role to try and make the marketing link as obvious as possible.

Thumbnail for 'End of the war'

(35) Page 52 - End of the war [ID: 74461871]

'End of the War' by Private J. Brooks, 2nd London Scottish. The cartoon is read from top to bottom and from left to right and has been numbered. It shows two soldiers ill in bed, one of whom is reading about the progress of the war. The other is not interested. This results in his speedy recovery, while the newspaper reader gets fed up - illustrated by his throwing his boot.

Illustrator: Brooks, J., Private

Thumbnail for 'Send up some Army Clubs'

(36) Back cover - Send up some Army Clubs [ID: 74458419]

Advertisement for 'Army Club' cigarettes. This cartoon is from the back cover of this issue and was drawn by 'The Tout'. The Morse code along the bottom does indeed spell 'Send up some Army Clubs', as included in the brackets underneath. The use of the word 'priority' suggests that having cigarettes was all important, and this is followed by the outlets and price being given in the bottom left corner.

Illustrator: Tout, cartoonist