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very distinguished career. In 19 14 he graduated
M.A. with First Class Honours in Economic
Science and Second
Class Honours in
Classics. He gained
the Liddel Greek Prize
in 1 91 2 and 19 14.
Keenly interested in
social problems, Suther-
land saw clearly how-
war would endanger
progress, but, like a
true lover of peace, he
was willing to fight to
win it. In March
1913 he enlisted in
the 4th Gordon Highlanders, serving in the ranks
at home and then in France from February
1 91 5 till December 1916, when he was com-
missioned. In October 1917 he was mentioned
in dispatches and was awarded the Military
Cross. He remained in France, taking part in
much severe fighting, till he fell in action, while
serving with the 12 th Royal Scots, on the Canal
du Nord, on 23 March 1918.
SMART, WILLIAM: Private, 1st Bat-
talion South African Infantry ; son of
William Smart ; born
King Edward, 1
November 1876 ;
graduated M.A., 1897.
After graduation Smart
went to South Africa
and taught for several
years at Wellington.
He then became Head-
master at Port Nolloth,
Cape Colony, but had
to resign owing to ill-
health. Later he took
up farming.
Smart enlisted in the South African Infantry
as a Private and served in France until 24 March
1918, when he was reported "missing" and
afterwards, " killed iii action " in the Gauche
Wood region.
EWEN, WILLIAM JAMES : Captain, 3rd
Battalion The Royal West Kent Regiment;
^am ^^
*% 0?m)
t^ PL
son of John Ewen, sailmaker ; born Enzie, Banff-
shire, 10 May 1890 ; educated St. Joseph's Col-
lege, Dumfries ; student
in Medicine, 1 908-1 1.
On the outbreak of
war Ewen enlisted in
the R.A.M.C. He
gained his commission
in the 3rd Battalion
Royal West Kent Regi-
ment in July 1 91 6,
and was attached to the
8th Battalion, serving
in France from Sep-
tember 19 1 5 onwards
till the time of his
death. He was killed whilst commanding
" A " Company of his Regiment near Chaulnes,
25 March 1918. Ewen was one of six brothers
who joined the Army in 19 14 and 191 5, and
possessed all the soldierly qualities which go to
the making of the fine officer. Many wrote their
appreciation of him and of his work in the
Army, which was summed up in the words of
his CO. : " He had done magnificent work in
the very strenuous fighting in which we were en-
gaged, he led his men with great skill, bravery
and dash, his work while in command of the
Company culminating in the glorious example of
personal braver}' and perseverance which he set to
all his officers and men during the last four terrible
days of his life — all of it was simply splendid ".
2nd Lieutenant, 20th Battalion Lanca-
shire Fusi 1 i e rs ;
son of Donald Ken-
nedy, Inverness;
born Inverness, 2
September 1890;
educated at Inver-
gordon Academy and
Inverness Royal
Academy ; student in
Medicine, Aberdeen
University, 1909-13.
Kennedy had to give
up his studies for a
time, owing to bad
health, and went to Borneo.

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