Sir John Franklin's notebook, 1821

This is Franklin's notebook from his first arctic expedition to find the north-west passage in 1821. It was, as he himself wrote "written during the most distressing part of his last residence at Fort Enterprise in 1821". Fort Enterprise was the station set up by the expedition in north eastern Canada.


Copyright National Library of Scotland

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not have been enabled otherwise to do
against the strong wind & very wild
Wr — We started at eleven and by the
blessing of God reached Marten Lake
about at 2 ¾ 40. having walked
about 5 miles St&W which
Lat by estimation 64 — 40 Long. 112 59
The Interpreter recognized the
which I had not seen before and
undertook to be our Guide towards
the Fort — We crossed the Lake over
Ice — and arrived at the
Rapid by about 4 ½ and encamped
the wind light
Severely Cold Wr — wind South true
dark Cloudy Wr — Complete
Winter —

Wednesday Octr 10.

The night was very stormy and the
morning equally so. Our desire
however to reach the Fort urged
us to attempt marching on
gone many yards before a fine
Band of Reindeer were seen but
the Hunter was too cold & faint
to approach them — Indeed the