Manuscript of Dr. David Livingstone's 'Narrative of an Expedition to the Zambesi and its Tributaries', 1865

Livingstone and his brother Charles spent many months after their return to Britain in 1864 writing his account of the second expedition. This published by John Murray as 'Narrative of an Expedition to the Zambesi and its Tributaries'. However both the trip and the publication were not as successful as his first trip published as 'Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa '.


Copyright National Library of Scotland

xml mark-up QA



a passage round the Cape was
instituted under the auspices of
the Government of Portugal for
the purpose it is believed of discovering
the land of Ophir made mention
of in Holy Scripture as the country
whence King Solomon drew sandal
wood, ivory, apes, peacocks &
gold. the terms used by the Jews
to express the first four articles
according to Max Muller had no
existence in the Hebrew language
but are words imported into it
from Sanscrit. It is curious that
that the search was not directed
to the coast of India more particularly
as that language was known on
the Malabar coast where also
peacocks & sandal wood are met in
abundance. The Portuguese like
many some others of more modern
times were led to believe that
Sofalla because sometimes
pronounced Zophar by the Arabs
from being the lowest part most
southerly post they visited, was
identical with the Ophir alluded
to in Holy Sacred History. the
whole of Eastern Africa had
been occupied from the most
remote times by traders from
India and the Red Sea. Vasco
da Gama in 1497-8 found them
firmly established at Mosambique
and after reaching India turned with