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imported pays no duty. In regard to this, Mr. McDonnell says: "Mysore is heavily
handicapped by the extensive smuggling of ganja from Her Majesty's territory."

The system of licensing sale and levying fees therefor in Mysore may be
thus briefly described. A contract is given to a single person on condition that—

(1)   he pays duty on wholesale vend to the Darbar at the rate of 6 annas
per sér for ganja and 2 annas for majum, etc.;

(2)   he sells at fixed rates to retail vendors, viz., ganja 10 annas per sér,
and majum, etc., 4 annas per sér;

(3)   he sells to retail vendors in quantities not less than 10 sérs of ganja
and 5 sérs of majum in Bangalore and Mysore, and 5 sérs of ganja
and 2 sérs of majum elsewhere;

(4)  the drugs shall be of good quality, and that registers are kept, etc.;

(5)   he guarantees a fixed sum to the Darbar.

The sér in Mysore consists of 24 tolas. The amount guaranteed appears to
be fixed by tender. There are 57 wholesale shops licensed free, and 109 retail
shops which are not ordinarily sold by auction, but licensed free, except in
Mysore and Bangalore, where Rs. 3 per mensem is paid for each license. Retail
vendors have to sell to the public at the rate of 13 annas per sér for ganja and
6 annas per sér for bhang, and may not sell more than 4 tolas to any person on
the same day. Charas is unknown, and bhang is the refuse of ganja.

Thus there is a very complete system at work in this State, though some
of its details may be open to criticism, and the principal difficulties attending its
administration arise from the want of system in British territory. Ganja is
freely imported into the State from Madras, and it has been shown (Chapter
VII) that it is also probably imported from the Dharwar district in Bombay.
This appears to the Commission to afford a cogent argument for the introduc-
tion of control in the Madras and Bombay Presidencies.


701. The Commission have little information regarding Kalat and Las
Beyla. But there is no export of the drugs from these
States to British India, so the matter is of no import-


702. Prior to 1892 there was no restriction on the preparation or sale of the
hemp drugs in Baroda. A State monopoly of sale
was then introduced. Cultivation of the plant is
not prohibited, but it is reported to exist only in one village, and to a very limited
extent. No exports to British territory are reported, and there is evidence to the
effect that since the introduction of the license system smuggling from the State
into British territory has almost entirely ceased. A large amount of the drugs is
said to be imported from other provinces or States. A customs duty is levied on
the imports, but the amount is not stated. There are 101 shops for sale of ganja,
etc., and as many as 157 more have been sanctioned, but not opened. Charas
is not used. In this State the arrangements are, therefore, fairly complete. If
owing to the introduction of a more systematic treatment the price of ganja in
the Bombay Presidency were to rise considerably, cultivation in the Baroda


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