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TOLQUHON CASTLE
Tolquhon Castle. See Taeves.
Tolsta, a village in Stornoway parish, Lewis, Ross-
shire, near Tolsta Head, 13 miles NNE of the town of
Stornoway. Pop. (1871) 566, (1881) 597.
Tomachaistel. See Monzievaied.
Tomatin, a mansion in Moy and Dalarossie parish,
Inverness-shire, near the left bank of the winding
Findhorn, 16 miles SE of Inverness, under which there
is a post office of Tomatin.
Tombae, a place, with the Roman Catholic Church of
the Incarnation (1S29 ; 300 sittings), in Inveraven parish,
Banffshire, near the right bank of Livet Water, 41 miles
SSE of Glenlivet post office.
Tomich, a place in Kiltarlity parish, Inverness-shire,
23 miles SW of Beauly, under which it has a post office.
Tomintoul, a village and a quoad sacra, parish in
Eirkmichael parish, Banffshire. The village stands,
1100 feet above sea-level, on a small plateau, with the
river Avon to the W and Conglass Water to the E. It
is 14J miles S of Ballindalloch station, this being 12
miles NE of Grantown and 12 SW of Craigellachie.
Consisting of a central square and a single street,
running f mile north-north-westward, it is described
by the Queen, under date 5 Sept. 1860, as ' the most
tumble-down, poor-looking place I ever saw — a long
street with three inns, miserable dirty-looking houses
and people, and a sad look of wretchedness about it.
Grant told me that it was the dirtiest, poorest village
in the whole of the Highlands.' Tomintoul has a post
office with money order, savings' bank, and telegraph
departments, a public and a Roman Catholic school,
cattle fairs on the Tuesday of April after Beauly,
the Tuesday after the second Wednesday of May, the
Tuesday after the third Wednesday of June, the Tues-
day after the third Thursday of July, and the day in
August, September, and October alter Grantown, a
market, called the Well Market, on the last Thursday
of July, o. s., and hiring fairs on 26 May and 22
November if the day be a Thursday, and if not, on the
Thursday before. The quoad sacra parish, constituted
by the General Assembly in 1833, and reconstituted by
the Court of Teinds in 1845, is in the presbytery of
Abernethy and synod of Moray. The stipend is £120,
with a manse and a glebe worth respectively £10 and £3
a year. The parochial church, built in 1S26 with funds
from Government, was renovated in 1877, and contains
336 sittings. St Michael's Roman Catholic church was
built in 1837, and contains 36S sittings. Pop. of village
(1S39) 530, (1861) 659, (1871) 533, (1881) 478 ; of q. s.
parish (1871) 799, (1881) 686.— Ord. Sur., sh. 75, 1876.
Tomnachaistel. See Monzievaied.
Tomnahurich. See Inverness.
Tomnavoulin, a place, with a post office under Craigel-
lachie, in Inveraven parish, Banffshire, on the left bank
of Livet Water, 8 miles S by E of Ballindalloch station.
Tonderghie, an estate, with a mansion, in Whithorn
parish, Wigtownshire, 3 miles S of the town.
Tong, a village in Stornoway parish, Lewis, Ross-
shire, 4 miles NNE of the town of Stornoway. Pop.
(1871) 402, (1881) 454.
Tongland, a hamlet and a parish of S Kirkcudbright-
shire. The hamlet lies on the right bank of the river
Bee, 2J miles SSW of Tarff station, and 21 NNE of
Kirkcudbright, under which it has a post office.
The parish contains also Tarff station on a branch
(1S64) of the Glasgow and South-Western railway, 3J
miles N of Kirkcudbright and 6| SW of Castle-Douglas ;
and Ringford village, 1 mile N by E of Tarff station,
with an inn and a post office. Comprising the ancient
parishes of Tongland and Balnacross, it in outline
resembles a triangle with southward apex, and is
bounded N and NE by Balmaghie, SE by Kelton and
Kirkcudbright, and SW by Twynholm. Its utmost
length, ff ' m N to S, is 5J miles ; its utmost breadth,
from E to W, is 4J miles ; and its area is 9858J acres,
of which 34J are foreshore and 77 water. The Dee,
here a splendid salmon river, flows 5 miles south-south-
westward along all the Kelton and Kirkcudbright
â– boundary ; and troutful Tarff Water, formed in the
TONGLAND
NW angle of the parish by the confluence of Glengap
and Austool Burns, winds 5| miles, chiefly south-by-
eastward, through the interior, then 2 miles south-
south-eastward along the Twynholm boundary, till it
falls into tho Dee near Compstone House. The Dee is
spanned, a little below the hamlet, by the old two-arch
bridge of 1737, and, 3 furlongs lower down, by the
railway viaduct and by Telford's new bridge, which,
with a span of 110 feet, consists of one circular arch,
and was constructed in 1804-8 at a cost of £7710. The
rocky turbulent reach between the bridges is described
in Montgomery's Chcrrie and the Slac (1595). Limpid
Tarff Water, at a point 2| miles NNW of Ringford,
forms a picturesque series of falls, the Linn of Laird-
mannoch, from 50 to 60 feet high. Culcaigrie Loch (2
x 1 J furl. ; 375 feet) lies on the boundary with Twyn-
holm, and Bargatton Loch (3J x 2J furl. ; 250 feet) on
that with Balmaghie. At the southern extremity of
the tongue of land between Tarff Water and the Dee
the surface declines to less than 100 feet above sea-level ;
and thence it rises northward to 326 feet at Argrennan
Hill, 719 at Kirkconnell Moor, and 588 at Barstobrick
or Queen's Hill. The southern district consists of a
hilly ridge running N and S, and of gradual declivities
sloping down to the rivers. The northern division is
rocky and moorish, and consists of a medley of small
hills, rising-grounds, valley-land, moss, and meadow.
A tract along both margins of Tarff Water is fine flat
alluvial ground, naturally rich meadow. The pre-
dominant rocks are porphyry and clay slate ; whilst the
soil of the arable lands is very various, but, in genera],
especially in the southern and central districts, is fertile
in either grain or grass. Less than one-fourth of the
entire area is constantly in tillage ; and most of the
remainder is meadow, hill-pasture, or waste. On the
rocky moor called Bartstobrick a spot is pointed out
where Mary of Scotland is alleged to have rested to
refresh herself in her flight from the battle of Langside
to the abbey of Dundeennan. The event has be-
queathed to the farm the name of Queenshill. On
Kirkconnell Moor, at a great distance from any house,
a plain granite monument was erected in 1831 over the
grave of the martyr, James Clement, who, with four
other Covenanters, was shot here by Grierson of Lao- in
Feb. 1685. There are sites or remains of cairns in four
localities, of a fort near the Free Church manse, and of
a stone circle near the Linn of Lairdmannoch. The
Praemonstratensian abbey of Tongland, near the parish
church, was founded by Fergus, Lord of G&iloway,
about the middle of the 12th century, for canons who
came from Cockersand in Lancashire. In 1325 the
Gallowegian rebels slew the abbot and sacrist in the
church, because they were foreigners, and had sworn
allegiance to Edward I. of England. The last abbot,
Darnian, satirised by Dunbar, was an Italian alchemist,
who, in the reign of James IV. essayed to fly from
Stirling Castle_to France. He fell into a midden, and
fractured his thigh bone — a fiasco ascribed by him to
the blending in his pinions of a dunghill cock's plumes
with eagle's feathers. Little remains of the abbey save
the northern round-headed arch, excavated and restored
in 1851. John Morrison (1782-1853), painter, poet, and
land-surveyor, spent most of his life in Tongland, and
is buried in the churchyard. Aegeennan and Queens-
hill, noticed separately, are the principal residences ;
and 6 proprietors hold each an annual value of £500
and upwards, 5 of between £100 and £500, and 8 of
from £20 to £50. Tongland is in the presbytery of
Kirkcudbright and the synod of Galloway ; the living
is worth £209. The parish church, at the hamlet, is a
red granite Gothic edifice of 1813, with 420 sittings and
a square pinnacled tower, in which hangs a bell bearing
date 1633. A Free church stands close to Tarff station;
and two schools, Tongland public and Ringford female
industrial, with respective accommodation for 87 and 75
children, had (18S4) an average attendance of 60 and 46,
and grants of £56, 5s. and £28, 10s. Valuation (1S60)
£6920,(1885)£14,183. Pop. (1801) 636, (1831)800, (1861)
892, (1871) 90S, (1881) 829,-Ord. Sur., sh. 5, 1857.
443

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