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fact, tijitfc one or two clay discs were found in Buddliist remains in India,
and that discs of somewhat the same type were unearthed at Hissarlik. But
here we have, not only pierced discs of tj'pe B, but the Volcanoes C and the
Balls D, all three types resembling in some degree the three types of Hissarlik
and all three types bearing somewhat similar forms of ornamentation.
Again it is to be noticed that the remains at Sankisa are vmdoubtedly
Buddhist. Sankisa as is well known was a celebrated place of pilgrimage,
being sacred as the spot at which Buddha is supposed (as described by
General Cunningham, Vol. I, Archaeological Keports) " to have descended
from the Trayastrinsa heaven by the ladder of gold or gems, accompanied
by the gods Brahma and Indra."
The place was visited and described by the Chinese jiilgrim Fa Hian
early in the 5th centurj'-, and by Hiouen-Thsang in the 7th century A. D.
A detailed account of these interesting ruins will be found in General
Cunningham's Archaeological Heisort above alluded to.
Now the ornamentations on the Terra Cottas of Hissarlik, if they are
not Buddhist, certainly bear a close resemblance to the ornamentations on
coins, buildings, etc., which in India are generally supposed to be Buddhist.
Thus the wheel continually recurs in Schliemann's sketches, together
with the Swastika. And what Schliemann calls the Mystic Rose, and Fergus-
son the Trisul ornament is quite as frequent. The Sacred Tree, the Fire
Altar and the Deer are also almost as common. In fact, we have every one
of the Buddhist symbols of the well known type of the so-called Buddhist
coin, figured in No. 1, Plate IV, Thomas' Prinsep, and of which an engraving
is given at page 17 of Fergusson's Indian and Eastern Architecture. Mr.
Fergusson points out, however, that there is some doubt whether these
symbols really are Buddhist, and at the page above referred to, writes,
" One coin of the period is well known. It belongs to a king called
Kunanda or Krananda generally assumed to be one of the nine Nandas
with whom this dynasty closed. In the centre on one side, is a dagoba
with the usual Buddhist Trisul emblem over it, and a serpent below it : on
the right the sacred Tree, on the left the Swastika with an altar (?) on the
other side a lady with a lotus (Sri ?) with an animal usually called a deer,
but from its tail more probably a horse, with two serpents standing on their
tails over its head which have been mistaken for horns. Over the animal is
an altar, with an umbrella over it. In fact a complete epitome of emblems
known on the monuments of the period, but savouring much more of Tree
and Serpent worship than of Buddhism as it is now."
Dr. Schliemann at page 38 of his work refers to the resemblance
between the Terra-Cottas of Hissarlik and those of Italy. This directed
" my attention to Gastaldi's work. The following extract will show that if
it be considered that the resemblance between the remains at Sankisa
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