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must produce similar evidence. The faculty contribute to a fund,
founded in 1792, for the support of their widows and children. The
Faculty of Procurators' Sail, West George street, near to St. George's
Church, is a large building in the Venetian style, designed as a
library and hall for the procurators. It forms one of the finest
architectural embellishments of the city. The educational institu-
tions of Glasgow are very numerous, and are supported with credit-
able spirit ; they are enumerated under the head of Acdemies and
Schools, and in the list of public buildings. But the Ragged School,
which occupies a noble building in Rotten row, merits special notice
from its peculiar character and beneficial results ; the pupils are
mostly the offspring of dishonest and profligate parents, and the
children are fed as well as instructed. The Glasgow Institute of
Architects was established for the advancement of the art and
science of architecture, the consideration and discussion of all sub-
jects and questions connected directly or indirectly with the pro-
fession of architects and the concentrated expression of opinion
upon the same. There are about 50 members. In Virginia
Btreet, with a frontage thereto of 60 feet, the Glasgow Apothecaries'
Hall has been erected by the Glasgow Apothecaries' Company. The
style of architecture is the modern Italian, the frontage up to the
first storey being faced with polished granite. The premises are
suitably fitted up for carrying on a large business. The building
erected for the New Club is situated in West George street, to which
it has a frontage of 84 feet, and in which is the principal entrance.
The premises are provided with every convenience which can con-
duce to the comfort of the members.
The Royal Infirmary, situate near the Cathedral, exhibits an
exterior of considerable beauty, while the arrangements of the
interior are skilfully adapted to their benevolent object. The build-
ing has been much enlarged since its first erection, the latest
addition being for the reception of accident patients. The lowest
storey contains a laboratory, an apothecary's shop, hot and cold
baths, and strong chambers for the temporary restraint of the
insane. Beneath the dome is a spacious apartment which is
appropriated to surgical operations. The Royal Lunatic Asylum,
at Gartnavel, two miles west of the city, is a noble edifice, admirably
constructed for the recovery and comfort of its unhappy inmates.
No appliance is wanting that can minister to the attainment of
these objects; a portion of the establishment is appropriated to
pauper inmates. The Town's Hospital for paupers, in the Parlia-
liameutary road, is a building strikingly original in its design. The
centre is octagonal, with four wings diverging from it. The wings
contain rows of commodious chambers, and a long gallery for
exercise. This structure was erected as an asylum for lunatics, but
these have been removed to the Royal Lunatic Asylum at Gartnavel.
The Poor House for the extensive Barony parish, at Barnhill? is a
very capacious asylum for the children of poverty, and well adapted
by its cleanliness, ventilation and position to mitigate the ills of
their condition. The Govan Parochial Board have also erected at
Merryflats the finest asylum for the poor in Scotland. The Deaf
and Dumb Asylum, Prospect Bank, Queen's Park, possesses every
adaptation for its interesting object. The Asylum for the Blind, in
Castle street, is capable of accommodating more than one hundred
inmates, who are advantageously employed in the fabrication of
various useful articles ; and the invention of printing in relief, by
enabling the blind to read manipular or tangible letters, has given
a most interesting facility for their education. The Magdalen
Asylum, at Mary bill, has accommodation for 180 inmates. There
is also a Probationary Home at 17 Stirling road, where accommoda-
tion is provided for 50 inmates. The benefactors of the institution
have the satisfaction of believing that many of the inmates have
subsequently become permanently worthy of the protection that
has been afforded them. The Mossbanh Industrial Schools is an in-
stitution situated at Hogganfield, about two miles to the east of
Glasgow. Its object is to lay hold of and educate neglected and
destitute children, who, having no parents, or worse, whose parents,
living themselves in vice and profligacy, leave their offspring to grow
up in ignorance or become vagrants and criminals. It accommo-
dates about 400 boys, who are taught tradeB, and about 200 girls,
who are trained to domestic duties. The foundation stone was
laid on the 26th August, 1868, with great ceremony, by the late Right
Hon. the Earl of Dalhousie, K.T., Grand Master Mason of Scotland,
assisted by the Right Hon. the Earl of Haddington and other officials
of the Grand Lodge of Scotland. Externally the building is of good
red brick, enlivened by bands and ornamental work in white and
black brick. The structure has a homely and comfortable aspect,
and reiuinds one of the beautiful old English almshouses or hos-
pitals. The Lock Hospital, in Rotten Row, was formed in 1855, for
the cure of unfortunate females. Hutcheso/i's Hospital, in Ingram
street, was formed by the two brothers, George and Thomas Hut-
cheson, between the years 1639 and 1641. The former amassed a
large fortune as a writer and notary, although his charges were so
moderate that it is stated he would never charge more than sixteeu
pennies Scots for the writing of a bond, however large the amount ;
the latter brother was a preacher. From the original endowment
and subsequent benefactions, the trustees are enabled to appropriate
£8,000 per annum to pensions for aged men and worneu, and for the
education and partial clothing of poor boys, together with .£3 per
annum to the latter. The present building, erected in 1803, is orna-
mented with an octagonal spire 156 feet high. The constitution of
the hospital is much more liberal in consequence of an Act obtained
in 1872. The Eye Infirmary, 76 Charlotte street, and 95 Greendyke
street, is liberally supported, and has been successful in its opera-
tions. The Glasgow Ear Hospital, for many years located in
Buchanan street, has recently been removed to more commodious
premises in Elmbank crescent, which have been fitted up with all
the necessary appliances to carry out the work in which the instt
tution is engaged ; the three great objects of which are— to afford to
the poor who suffer from oar disease the best possible treatment ;
to provide every facility to the medical student and practitioners
for the study of ear disease ; and to develop and advance the science
and art of aural surgery. The House of Refuge and the Night Asylum
in North Frederick street, are large and well managed institutions.
JBaillie's Institution was founded by the late Mr. George Baillie, writer
Glasgow, who divested himself in his lifetime of his whole fortune
(£18,000) with its accumulations during twenty-one years from 11th
November, 1863, to endow an institution for the self-culture of the
operative classes in Glasgow, by meanB of free public libraries and
reading rooms, and for the tuition and training of their children in
unsectarian schools. The Dean, Council, and Clerk of the Faculty
of Procurators in Glasgow, are perpetual preceptor, patrons, and
directors of the institution, which was incorporated by RoyalCharter
dated 18th March,1867. In addition to the benevolent institutions
already mentioned, there exist many others, which 3pread a lustre
on the memories of departed citizens of Glasgow, as the following
list of mortifications and bequests testify: Aird's Mortification,
founded 7th September, 1723, by John Aird, provost of Glasgow.
The funds are to be given to a poor old man of the merchant
rank, burgess and guild brother of the city, and to three poor
widows, residentera In Glasgow, relicts of merchants, burgesses,
and guild brothers, or of any of the ministers of the burgh.
Amount to former, £8 6s. 3d. ; to the latter, £5 lis. l^d. each.
The Balmanno Bequest, founded by the late Miss Balmanno in
18^6, for providing annuities of £20 each to unmarried ladies,
natives of Glasgow, not under 40 vears of age. Patrick Bell's Mor-
tification, founded 4th December, 1641, by Patrick Bell, merchant in
Glasgow. The fund, £4 10s. 4d., is to be distributed annually
among the most indigent in the city, in sums varying from Is. 8d.
to 5s. Margaret Bell's Mortification, dated 30th May, 1720, by
Margaret Bell. The funds. are to be given to the poor and needy
relicts of ministers residing in Glasgow, and the relicts of mer-
chants in want. Amount for division, £4 10s. 4d. Black's Bequest
for Domestic Servants, founded by Dr. James Black, some time
surgeon in Jamaica, afterwards residing in Glasgow, and who died
in 1834. The funds are to be given to faithful domestic servants
settled in Glasgow or neighbourhood, who have been ten years or
upwards in one situation. Amount, £2 10s. per annum. There are
about 200 pensioners. Gibson's Mortification, constituted 28tU
January, 1828, by Mrs. Gibson, widow of Wm. Gibson, merchant, in
Edinburgh. The funds are to be paid to a minister who shall preach,
on a Sabbath day in March, a sermon against cruelty to animals.
Amount, £5. Gilmour's Mortification, founded 4th September,
1837, by the late Arthur Gilmour, St. Andrew's square, Glasgow.
The funds are to be applied to the relief of the journeymen stocking
makers. James Govan's Mortification, founded by James Govan,
merchant in Glasgow, by deed, dated 28th July, 1709. The
income is applied yearly towards the maintenance of seven
poor men, burgesses, inhabitants of Glasgow, not under
40 years of age. Amount, £28. Robert Govan's Mortifica-
tion, founded in 1698, for the distribution of the funds amongst
poor burgesses. Grahame' Mortification, founded by John Gra-
hams of Dougalston, 11th October, 1705. The funds are to be dis-
tributed amongst the poor of the merchant rank. Amount, £8 10s.
per annum. Johnston's Mortification, founded by James Johnston,
merchant, in Glasgow, on 5th February, 1781. The funds, which are
vested in the Trades' House, are divided amongst live poor journey-
men stocking-makers. Coulter's Mortification for Inventions,
founded 22nd November, 1787, by James Coulter, merchant in Glas-
gow. The funds are to be paid in the f ormof cash or a medal to the
person in Glasgow, or within ten miles therof, who shall have
invented any machine, or improved such as may already be in
existence, &c. James Coulter's Mortification, made by will of the
late James Coulter, merchant in Glasgow, dated 22nd November,
17^7, aB a charitable fund in favour of deserving persons in indigent
oi- narrow circumstances. The number at present is 2 of £5, and 11
of £4: each. Mortification by Donaldson's Club, dated 14th Novem-
ber, 1732. The funds to be given to widows and daughters of mem-
bers of the Merchants' House. Amount, £10 per annum. Ewing
Bequests, founded in 1860 bv James Ewing, of Strathleven, the
total amount of the bequests is £30,000, of which £16,500, less legacy
duty, has been paid. The income is divisable— one third amongst
decayed Glasgow merchants, one-third in educating, training, and
setting in business their sons, and the remaining one-third among
their widows and daughters. Income at present about £540. Leigh-
ton'a Mortification, founded by Archbishop Leighton, 1st August,
1677, to be given to two poor men, one of whom to belong to the
parish of Baronv. Amount, £4 10s. each. Luke's Mortification, dated
80th May, 1737, founded by John Luke, of Clay thorn, for the main-
tenance of a poor honest man of the merchant rank and burgess of
the city, the surname of Luke, and blood relationship to the
founder, although of a different name, qualified as above, con-
ferring a preference. Amount, £9 4s. per anuum. M'Alpine's
Mortification, founded in 1811, by Mrs. M'Alpioe, who conveyed to
trustees her property for the maintenance of poor men and women
of the description given in her will. Mitchell's Mortification. This
charitable fuud was bequeathed by William Mitchell, a native of
Glasgow, who died in London, 1729. The patronage is vested m the
magistrates of Glasgow. The annual accumulation from the mor
tificatiou, amounting to £113 16s. 4d., is disbursed in sums not
exceeding £10 to four old decayed men, two widows and two un-
married females of the merchant rank ; and in sums not exceeding
£5 lis. to three old decayed meu. three widows, and one unmarried ■
female of the trades' rank. Moll's Mortification, dated 7th October,
1740. The income (£4) of the funds bequeathed by Mrs. Mary Ronald
or Moll is to be given between two poor old women in Glas-
gow. Peter's Mortification, founded 17th November, 1709, by Thos.
Peter, merchant, Glasgow, for the susteutation and maintenance of
an old, decayed, and poor honest burgess of the merchant rank,
the name of'Peter having a preference. Amount, £8 per annum.
James Pettigrew's Mortification, founded 20th may, 1731, by James
Pettigrew, linen draper in Glasgow, for the maintenance of one poor
decayed freeman and burgess of Glasgow. William Pettigrew's
Mortification, founded by William Pettigrew, wright in Glasgow, .
brother of James Pettigrew, before mentioned, and for the same pur-
pose. Robertson Bequest, founded by Miss Isobel Robertson, 5th
August, 1844. The funds are to be distributed amongst (1) ten de-
cayed gentlewomen, who shall have been residing for at least ten
years in Glasgow, who shall not be less than 45 years of age, and
shall never have been married ; (2) ten females each of whom shall
have for at least 7 years consecutively been a hired servant in one
family in Glasgow, shall not be under 50 years of age, shall never
have been married, and at the time of selectiou shall be out of ser-
vice. Amount of pensions at present respectively (1) £18 and (2) £9.
Sanders' Mortification, founded bv Robert Sanders, of Auldhouse,
1726 8-9. The funds are to be paid in prentice fees of £5 lis. l^d.
each, to poor boys, lawful sons and grandsons of merchants or
craftsmen, burgesses of Glasgow. Selkirk's Mortification, founded
in 1770, by Charles Selkirk, merchant in Glasgow. To be given to
a superannuated shipmaster or merchant. Amount, £2 4s. per
annum. Sauna Bequest, made by the late Jttmes Yates, merchant

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