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Wianav%.
LILLIE3 LEAF, &c. &Q*btUgftgftfte.
MISCELLANEOUS.
hi LlLI.IKSLEAF.
Campbell John, butcher
Carrie George, millwright
Forsyth Roberr, hosier
Henderson Waunh, baker
Iain John, linen draper,
IVackrty James, registrar of marr'asei,
births and deaths, session clerk, Kirk
treasurer, and inspeclor of poor
Police Office. ..John Ken\ o.iicer
Eicliardson Richard, butcher
Krott George, cattle dealer
Scott Robert, auctioneer
ScBscRir- NLiBEARY...ThomasTurn-
bull. libi ian
Turphull Thos. saddler and ironmonger,
and agent to the Edinburgh Life
PLACES OF WORSHIP
AND :<««IR MINISTERS.
Establishes- Churches: —
Lilliesleaf...R.ev T . Adam Gourlay
Bowden... Rev. James Allardyce
Free Church, Bowden... Rev. Thomas
Jolly and the Rev. James Pir'e
Original Srvr'ssios, M.dlioh:i...Rev.
David Stun >"*■-
Prksbttebian i, United) CHAVEL,Lillies-
leaf...Rev. William Young
CONVEYANCE BY RAILWAY.
ON THE DALKEITH AND HAWICK
BRANCH OF THE NORTH BRITISH
LINE.
Station, at New Dulses, three miles
tf*>m Lilliesleaf
CARRIERS.
1 * RinNBCliOH, James Henry, from
Jji I lit sleat, Mondaj [day
To HAWICK, Thomas Davidson. Thnra-
To KEI.SO and NEW TOWN-SAINT
BOSWELL'S, per rail; and James
Henry, Monday and Thursday
To SELKIRK and JEDBURGH. Johu
Davidson, Wednesday
MELROSE,
WITH THE VILLAGES OF NEWSTEAD, GATTONSIDE, DARNICK, AND NEIGHBOURHOODS.
M-
. ELROSE is a parish and free burgh of barony —
the town, small and ancient, is 36 miles s. by E. from
Edinburgh. 12 s.w. from Jedburgh, 7 N. E. fiom Sel-
kirk, and 4 s. e. from Galashiels ; delightfully situated
at the foot ot the Eildon hills, and on the line of the
North British railway, which tuns through the town.
The station, a spacious and liand-ome erection, pre
sents a veiy fine appearance, and being situated on
rising ground, it may be seen from all parts of the
neiehb nrhood Ti e town contains a number of ntw
and hand -ome houses, while others exhibit proofs of
gieat antiquity, presenting decorated stone* that once
undoubtedly formed a portion of the superb abbey for
which the place is so celebrated. The totvn is built
in (he form of a triangle, with small streets IfcViineout
at the corner"-. In the centre stands the cross, a struc-
ture supposed to be coeval with the abbey, and which
bears all the marks of that great age. A wire suspen-
sion bridge over the Tweed, foi foot passengers, leads
to the village of Gattonside, on the opposite bank of
the liver.
The ^tbey of Melrose, one of the largest and most
magnificent Gothic structures in the kingdom, stands
a shon distance from the town, on the south side of
the I weed. On viewing +he exterior of this noble pile
of building from the south, it has a most imposing
effect; but on entering the interior the lofty Gothic
columns, in s double row, supporting the arched ma-
jestic roof- the elegance and variety of its sculpture,
the multiplicity of its statues, the hi auty of its stone,
and the symmetry of its parts, must strike every stranger
with profound admiration. It was founded in 1136 by
King David, who dedicated it to the Virgin Mary, and
endowed ii with extensive privilege- ant' almost pi nice-
ly revenues. The mo ks were of the Cisteician order,
and this monastery was the mother foundation of all
establishments of that order in Scotland. It is some-
what remarkable that it is only within the limit of the
present century that Melrose Abbey became an object
of interest to the tourist. That interest was first
awakened by the publicaiiou of the 'Lav of the last
Minstrel,' a poem by Sir Waiter Scott, whose descrip-
tion of this venerable time-recalling fabric induced the
visits of strangers from all quarters. About two miles
east from the town is the site of the still moie ancient
abbey of Old Melrose, founded in 664, and said to be
the first abbey of the Cuhlees sett ed in this part of the
ture is a small house, ou a peninsula formed by the
Tweed, whose bulks around it are lofty and wooded,
varied with perpendicular rocks, jutting out into the
river like buttresses : the situation is in ihe highest
degree pleasant, commanding a fine view of the strath
of I'weeddale. About a mile nearer the new town of
Melrose is the village of Newstead, near which was
another abbey, called the ' Red Abbey,' until late years
used as the parish church, when a new one was erected
a little west of the town — the laiter, a very beautiful
edifice, with a handsome spire of considerable height.
After the completion of the new chuich, the abbey
underwent some repairs, in the progress of which two
stone coffins were discovered, with human skeletons.
Previous to the abolition of hereditary jurisdictions,
Melrose was a hurrah of regnlrty; but it is now a free
burgh of barony, and governed byabaron haillie chosen
by the burgesses. A justice of peace court is hr Id het e
on the first Saturday in every mouth. The inly publx
building of the town, exclusive of the churches, is the
gaol, a plain and small stiucture, substituted for a
curious old one,of which no relic has been preserved ex-
cept a stone bearing the arms of Melrose. A chuich of
the Establishment^ free church and an Episcopal cha-
pel are the places of worship. The banks 61 the Tweed
are clothed with plantations in the finest order, and the
land around here is cultivated after the best manner.
The weekly market is held on Saturday, and there are
nine annual fairs, namely, on the first Saturdays of
January, February, March, May, and December; the
first Wednesday of June, for cattle: the 12th of August,
for lambs, but should that day fall on Saturday, Sun-
day, or Monday, the fair takes place on the Tuesday
following; the Saturday after the first Tuesday in
October, for ewes, &c, and the 22nd of November, for
cattle. The August fair is considered the largest for
lambs in Scotland.
The antique and rural village of Gattonside stands
on the north hank of the Tweed, in the parish of Mel-
rose, with which town a communication is maintained
by means of the biidge before mentioned. The village
is surrounded with orchards, and it is computed that a
greater quantity of fruit is erown about this place than
in any other part Of trie vale of Tweed.
Darnick i- a small village, situated on the road
leading from Melrose to Galashiels, about one mile
from the former town.
kingdom. All that remains, however, of the eld stiuc-
POST OFFICE, Melrose, Elizabeth ElWot, Post Mistress.— LeUers from London, Hawick. Jed-
burgh, &c. arrive evtry morning at twenty-five minutes I efore twelve, and are despatched at twenty-five mi-
nutes pa>t fire in the afternoon. — Letters from Edinburgh, Glasgow, Galashiels, &c. arrhe every morning
at a quarter past nine and afternoon at twenty-five minutes before six, ar:d are <!es ■a'ched evety morning at
twenty-five minutes past eleven and evening at six. — Letters front Saint Hoswkll's, HAwffKand Kelso
arrive every evening at a quarter past six, and are despatched every morning at nine and evtuing at twenty-five
minutes past five.
Money Orders are granted and p rid here.
There are Post-office Receiving Houses at Darnick and Gattonside.
GENTRY AND CLERGY
Allardyce Rev. James N. Bowden
Baillie'Captain — , Eildbn Hall
Baillie Major Robert, Eildon Hall
Broad wood Henry F., E*q. Pavilion
Burnett Mr. Alexander, Melrose
Campbell the.Misses,Toi wood Lodge
Carnrichael Mis. — , Meadow Bank
Coleswo'rth Rbt Esq .Cowden Knows
Crombie Rev. Will am, View Bank
Dickinson W. O. Esq. Fil'ar's Had
Elliot Hush,, Esq. Allcrly
Kairho'm Geo. K. Esq. liavenswood
Forb. s L dy Ch nlotte. Oil Melrose
Ftiitoii William, Esq. Mavis Bank
Gihon Rev. James Y. u.P. Manse
Duncan Gcii.Alex.GaitonsideHoti.se | Henderson Miss — , Melrose
152
vo
I.

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