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(1273)
lirutoi'g.
JEDUUIltiH, &c.
i&oximi-gtigifyire.
POOR LAW ONION.
Workhouse, Burn wyud.
Master— James Itew
Matron— Elizabelh Bails [Scott
Cliaptain and Schoolmaster - Rev. William
Secretary and Treasurer — William Millet
Clerk. ofPeace Office, Town Hall —
James Stedman, clerk of peace
County Rate Office, Canongate —
Gideon Pott, collector [surgeon
Dispensary, High street — James Falla,
Farmrrs' Club, Town Hall-James
Stedman, secretary and treasurer
Gas Works, Pleasauce— George Mearns,
manager, and Chas. Anderson. secretary
Inland Rlvemjs (Stamp and Tax)
Offick, High st- Archibald Jerdon,
stamp distributer and tax collector
Jedbukgh Cheviot Sheep Snow CONVEYANCE BY RAILWAY
Society, Town Hall- JamesStedman, I ON THE DALKEITH AND HAWICK
secretary and treasurer ■ ' ' Br t A NCfl of the N0 RTII BRITISH
Mt-S'T dm, Abbey close — Charles Ander- ..
son, treasurer i 0l ,. " , . ., - ...
Police Obpiob, Town Hall-William «'*<«"», about three quarters of a mile
Everitt, chief constable M°'V he ?^ of * ,e town-Wilham
Pro. ukator Fiscal's Office. Canon- Hartley, station master
■ gate-Jus. Stevenson, procurator fiscal , Conveyances Irom the two Hotels, meet
Registrar's Office, Canongate- "__,.,,„_
James O'Connell, registrar u&KRIBRS.
Roxburghshire HorticultukalSo- | To HAWICK, Thomas Robson, from
ciety, Market place— William Deans, Anna Vale. Wednesday and Saturday
To HOWNHAMKIRK, William Lind-
say, from Cross Keys, Tuesday
To KELSO, Thoma3 Robson, from Anna
Vale, Tuesday and Friday
To NEWCASTLE-ON-TYNE, Tliorr.aa
Weir, from the Harrow Inn, Tuesday
ter Works, Crown lane— George j To RED WATER, Thos. Douglas, from
Hilson, secretary and treasurer the Nag's Head, Tuesday and Friday
secretary and treasurer
Sheriff Clerk's Office, Town Hall
George Rutherford, sheriff's clerk
Town Clerk's Office, High street-
James Siedman, town clerk
Town Hall, Caatle st
W
KKLSO, wini the Village of EDNAM,
AND THE NOBILITY, GENTRY, CLERGY, &c. IN THE PARISHES OF EDNAM, MACKERSTON,
ROXBURGH, SUAILHOLM, SPROUSTON, AND STITCHEL.
l\.ELSO is a burgh of barony, a considerable market : eminent for its cleanly and orderly appearance. Though
town, and the capital of its parish, 42 miles s. e. from uot a manufacturing town, Kelso enjoys a considerable
Ediubmgh.lO n. Irom Jedburgh, 23 s.w. from Berwick- 1 trade, from being the chief seat of population in a wide
upon-Tweed, 60 N.by e. from Carlisle, and 6 vv. from 'agricultural district, which affords employment and
the English border. It is connected with the North support to a numerous body of the working classes.
British and the Newcastle and Berwick railways, by A considerable trade is carried on in the dressing of
branches which appioach within a short distance of lamband sheep skins, and the currying of leather, and
the town; and it occupies an extensive plain on the ; there is a large iron foundry. The linen and woollen
north bank of the Tweed, opposite the confluence of j manufacture also exists, but not to any extent ; boots
the Teviot with that river, and surrounded on a'l sides \ and shoes are made in large quantities, supplying not
by a delightful amphitheatre of wood-clad hills. Kelso | only the town and neighbourhood, hut also the different
is of very great antiquity, and has been the scene of fairs and markets in the north of Eneland. It is noted
many memorable events in early history. Its border for its cabinet and upholstery work, and the artizans in
situation subjected it to almost continual incursions of this business are selected by the resident gentry within
enemies, and to several conflagrations ; to the latter i a wide circuit on both sides of the border. There are
infliction, however, it is indebted for the modern and | many corn mills in the neighbourhood, and numerous
uniform style which now characterises its appearance. ' gardens— s he latter producing fruits and vegetables in
It is built after the manner of the Flemish towns.haviug large quantities. The domestic trade of Kelso is well
a spacious square in the centre, from which diverge , supported, and many of the shops are furnished with
four of the principal streets at equal distances. On the j very extensive stocks of all kinds of goods necessary for
east side of the square stands an elegant town hall, the consumption of an inland district. The trading
erected in 1816, possessing office* for the chamberlaiti and monetary interest of the town are aided in their
of the Duke of Roxburgh and town clerk, and a lofiy transactions by theestablishmentoffivebanking houses
and handsome hall, which iN adorned with a fine por- : — branches respectively of the Bank of Scotland, the
trait nf the late Duke of Roxburgh. In this hall perio- J Commercial Bank of Scotland, the National Bank of
dical courts are held by the sheriffjustices of the peace Scotland, the British Linen Company's bank, and the
and baron baillie, as are also the meetings of the com- City of Glasgow bank. The principal tuns are, the
missioners of police, and the incorporated trades and Cross Keys, the Queen's Head, the White Swan, and
friendly societies of the town. On the ground floor is
a large enclosed piazza, which, on market days, is
opened for the use of the tanners and others attending
the Black Swan ; they are all excellent houses.
The re are seven places of worship in Kelso, exclu-
sive of the Established Church; their designations, &c.
the market. In the Wood market has been ertcted a are stated in a list raised for that purpose. Among the
very elegant corn exchange, which has proved a great' several benevolent institutions suppoited by the inha-
boon for the farmers and merchants. The bridge,
which crosses the Tweed, was built in the beginning
of the present century, after a plan by the late Sir John
Renuie, the architect of Waterloo bridge, London, of
which it may be said to be a model. It consists ol five
arches of equal span, and is well worthy of the stran-
gers' notice, particularly from the beautiful views ob-
tained from it, which are not surpassed on any other
part of the Tweed. On the north bank is Fleurs Castle,
lhe princely residence of the Duke of Roxburgh, and
on the south bank of the Teviot is Spriiigwood Park,
the beautiful seat of Sir George S. Douglas, Bart. ; in
the centre may be seen the ancient castle of Roxburgh,
with the Eildon hills in the distance, while on the
right hand are the venerable remains of Kelso Abbey,
founded by David I, in 1128. During the repairs of
this monument ot ancient ecclesiastical magnificence
some years ago, on removing the rubbish from the base
of the structure, the fragment of a bell was found,which
litants may be enumerated the dispensary, founded in
1777, which possesses hot and cold baths. A society
for educating poor boys; a public grammar school,
conducted bv a rector and an assistant, and a parochial
school. The literary institutions include several public
libraries and a news and reading room, a literary and
polytechnic institution, an association entitled the
fweedside Physical and Antiquarian Society ; a society,
composed of the noblemen and gentlemen residing iu
this quarter, styled the Bowmen of the Border f insti-
tuted in the year 1768), and severa benefit societies.
Two newspapers ate published in Kelso, under the
titles of the « Kelso Mail,' (established in 1787), and
the < Kelso Chronicle,' (in 1838) ; the former is pub-
lished on Mondays and Thursdays, the latter on Fri-
days ; both are extensively circulated through this and
the neighbouring counties. Kelso, which is at all times
a place of gaiety and respectability, has an additional
liveliness imparted to it by the occasional rendezvous
ot the Royal Caledonian Hunt, and by the horse races
is supposed to have been, when perfect, about three
feet in diameter, and one ton and a half in weight. 'which take place in the autumn, they being superior to
The government of the town is vested in a baton anv meetings of the kind in dcotlami. The course,
baillie, appointed by the Duke of Roxburgh, and a body
of commissioners of police, who derive their powers
from the Sc< tch burgh police act. The town is lighted
with gas, and is abundantly supplied with spring water,
and among all the towns on the borders stands pi e-
VO
any meetings
which is much admired, is situate about, a mile to the
northward ; on it is an excellent stand, on the model
of that at Doncaster. These races never fail to attract
•i eat numbers of the fashionable and opulent classes
from both sides of the border, and brilliant assemblies
;yj

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