‹‹‹ prev (1269)

(1271) next ›››

!b the abbey, which stands upon a piece of ground be-
tween the houses and the river. Although for the most
part in a ruinous condition, it still exhibits an outline
of its original niHanituHe and magnificence. To pre-
serve this venerable edifice from the total destruction
towards which it was hastening, it several years since
received considerable repairs, which were so judiciously
conducted as not to interfere with or alter the original
design of the structure; this is of the Gothic order,
and was founded for canons regular by David I; it runs
from east to west, and appears to have been originally
three storeys in height; the nave from the tower, and
the south front, are mostly entire, but there is no roof
on any pait of it. Part of the nave is fitted up as the
parish church ; the tbyyef, whi<h is still standing in
tolerably good preservation, is about one hundred and
twenty feet in height. Among the other prominent
puhlic buildings of Jedburgh are ttie county gaol and
bridewell, and the townhall ; the firmer is'designated
the ' castle,' fiom its occupying the site of the ancient
fortress; it is a fine erection, in r he castellated style, and
its internal accommodations -ind arrangements are
upon the most approved system. The appearance of
this building is such as to disguise its real character as
completely to the sight, as its name does to the ear.
From its elevated situation it is seen at a considerable
distance all round the town, and when on its summit,
a delightful view is obtained; executions have, how-
ever, from time immemorial, taken place on this emi-
nence. The town hall is a commodious edifice, built
in 1811. Jedburgh is a burgh of very ancient erection,
and, from a charter granted by William the Lion, ap-
pears to have been a place of note previous to the year
1165. It has the honour of pai ocbial precedency, being
the oldest parish in Scotland of which anv historical
record has been transmitted to posterity. Prior to the
Union it was a place of importance, and one of the
principal towns in the south of Scotland. The burgh
IS governed by a provost, four baillies, a dpan of guild
a treasurer, and a council elected bv the £10. consti-
tuents resident within the royalty. The lords of justi-
ciary and lords commissioners of the jury court hold
courts here for the south circuit (which includes the
counties of Roxburgh, Berwick, Selkirk and Peebles),
generally in April and September ; and the sheriff holds
a Cour' every Wednesday for the despatch of civil busi-
ness, and a smajl debt, court once every month. The
justices of the peace hold their court on the first Tues-
day in every month ; and here also the court of general
quarter session sits, The burgh joins wiih Haddington,
Dunbar,- North Berwick and Lauder, in returning one
member to parliameat.
Of late \ears Jedburgh has advanced towards im-
portance as a srat of manufactures : woollens, blankets,
plaidings, and flannels, are here produced to a consi-
derable amount, and in the neighbourhood are many
corn mills. Considerable emolument is derived from
the sale of the produce of the on hards and gardens that
surround the town. A branch of the British Linen
Company's bank has been settled here since the year
1790. More recently there has been established an
agency of the National Bank of Scotland, another of
the Royal Bank of Scotland, and one of the City of
Glasgow Bank. A savings' bank, opened in 1815. has
been succesrfully sustained by the provident. There
are two principal inns — the 'Spread Eagle' and the
' Harrow.'
There are places of worship belonging to the Estab-
lishment, the Free Church of Scotland, the United
Presbyterian bodv, Independents and Episcopalians—
of these a list and their localities, with their officiating
ministers, is given in the directory of the town, and the
several schools, most of which are well attended, and
conducted upu'n the best plans of imparting instruction,
will be found under an appropriate head. In connection
with the town flourUhrs a horticultural society, which
has five meetings annually ; and the Jedburgh Cheviot
sheep show, which has one annual exhibition. The
members of a farmers' club meet here weekly. The
market is held on Tuesday, and the fairs on the third
Saturdays of January, February, .March, and April;
the Tuesday after Whitsnn-week, the second Tuesday
in August (old style), the 25th of September (or on the
Tuesday following, if (hat day should fall on a Satur-
day, Sunday, or Monday), the first Tuesday of Novem-
ber (old style), and the third Saturday of December.
POST OFFICE, High-street, Andrew Eaton, Post Master.
Arrivals. — From London and all parts of England, Edinburgh and the North, Coldstream, Ber-
wicK, &c. every week-day morning at eleven, and again from Edinburgh, &c. at twenty-five minutes
before seven. On Sundays letters arrive at twenty-fhe minutes past one.
From Kelso, Berwick, Coldstream, Galashiels, Melrose, Selkirk, &c. every day (Sundays included)
at a quarter past three in the morning.
From Hawick, Selkirk, Galashiels, Carlisle, &c. at a quarter before one, and on Sundays at twenty-five
minutes past one.
Despatches. — To London and all parts of England, Berwick, Edinburgh and the North, Galashiels
Melrose, Selkirk, &c. at five in the afternoon. On Sundays at ten minutes before two.
To Edinburgh and the North, Kelso, Melrose, Selkirk, Galashiels, Hawick, &c. at nine in the morn-
ing, and to Kelso, Melrose, &c. again at ten minutes before three. On Sundays at ten minutes before
To Galashiels, Melrose, Carlisle, and all parts of England save Berwick, eve*y day (Sunday included)
at a quarter past three in the morning.
Rural Messengers. — To Ancrum and Belses, at ten minutes before seven in the rioniing and half past two
in the afternoon, arriving at Jedburgh at two in the mo 1 ning and eight in the rvening.
To Rink, by Mossburnford, at half past six in the morning, and from M ossburnford to Crailinghall, by
Oxnam, at four minutes past seven in the morning, arriving at Jedburgh at twenty minutes past two in the
To Wells-on-Rulf., by Lauton and Bedrule, at half past two in the afternoon, arriving at Jedburgh from
these places at twenty minutes past one.
Letters may be posted in the late letter box ten minutes later, by attaching an extra stamp.
The Money Order Office is open every day from nine in the morning till six in the evening, except at receipt
and dispute!) of mails, and is open on Saturdays till eight in the evening.
Letters for Ireland, the Colonies, and Foreign Parts, are forwarded to London and Liverpool.
MOBILITY gentry and
Anderson Charles, Esq. High st
Anderson Mrs. — , Abbey gieen
Anderson Rev. Thomas S. Crailing
Armstrong Mrs. Elizabeth, Queen st
Barr Rev. William, Friars
Bell Ge». Esq. Menslaws, Bedrule
Campbell the Uight Houble. Lord,
Hartrigge House
Cleghoin George, Esq, Weens
Craig Rev. A. Bedrule Manse
.Craigie John, Esq. Jedbank
I Cunningham Rev. Adam, Crailing.
I- Manse
j)Dodd Mrs.—, Nesbit
, DotigiasA. F. F.sq.JerdonficldHouse I
I Eliot John, E-q Boundary Bank \
Elliot Robert, Esq.' of .Vol fee
Elliot William, E>q. Mount Al=ton j
Fair James Shortned Elliot, Esq. i
Ferguson Rev. John, Edgerstone
Grainger John M. Esq. (provost),
High st [Castle
Handyside John, Esq. Fernihurstl
Henderson John, Esq. Abbot Rule,
Soiithdean [Southdegm
Henderson Hobert, Esq. Abbot Rule,
Jackson Miss Ann, '67 High st
Jamiesou Mr. John, Castle gate
JerdonArchibald, Esq. Mossburnford
Johnstone Rev. J. B. Southdean
Kerr Chaiies,Esq.Hundalee Cottage
Kenell Rev. Francis, Bongate
Lothian Dowager Marchioness,
Bohjedw'ard House
Lothian the Most Noble the Mar-
quiss of, Mount Teviot

Images and transcriptions on this page, including medium image downloads, may be used under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence unless otherwise stated. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence