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gas, and supplied with excellent spring water, con- [
veyed through leaden pipes. In the High-street stands !
the town-house, in which the burgh and justice of |
peace courts are held. The environs of Hawick are
much admired by strangers; but the improvement of
the neighbourhood is much retarded bv the territory I
being held under strict entail, which prevents gentle- 1
men of fortune from settling in this part of the country
and embellish'!))? its natural loveliness. The banks of
the Teviot are extremely picturesque and delightfnl,and
the approach to the town from the south can be scarcely
surpassed for beauty: the extensive nursery grounds* I
which are so celebrated throughout the kingdom, are
in the immediate vicinity of tiie town, and materially
heighten the general effect of the scenery : the gi ou ads
belong to the Messrs. Dickson & Tumbulls', and weie
first established by members of the first-named family
upwards of a century ago. To obviate the inconvenience I
which existed in the approach to the town from the'
north, a handsome bridge was constructed in 1832. and
various other improvements, in this as well as diff--;eut
parts of the burgh, have been effected. The great in-
crease of manufacturing establishments, together with
the erection ni extensive mills and the enlargement of
others, have conduced to the increa-e of the popula-
tion, and the consequent augmentation of buildings.
Hawick is a burgh of barony, independent of the lord
of erection, and appears to have existed free from a very
early period; but the documents of the burgh having
been either lost or destroyed during the inroads of the
English borduers, a charter was granted in the year
3545, by James, Douglas Conies de Drumlaurig, con-
tinning to the burgesses such rights and lands as they
formerly possessed; and in the month of May of the
same year this was confirmed by another charter,
granted by Queen Mary: under these grants the bur-
gesses annually elect their magistrates, consisting of
two bailbes, and two representatives of each of seven
incorporated ttades, who, with fifteen councillors
(elected for life), manage all municipal affairs of the
town. The bmgh enjoys all the privileges of a royal
one, except that of returning members to parliament.
An annual ceremony, which, it i- conjectured, was
imposed by one of the charters, still continues to be ob-
served— it is called 'common riding;' The ceremony
originated, according to tradition, from the circum-
stance of some young men of the town haying surprised
a party of English, during the night, about two miles
helow the town, and, after slaying the greater part of
them, took possession of their colour; this happened in
the yearl514 The ensign is now borne by an unmarried
man of the burgh, elected for the occasion, and dubbed
with the title of 'Cornet,' who accompanies the au-
thorities in procession round the lands belonging to
the town, of which a grant was made from the Laird
of Drumlaurig, as a reward for their valour displayed
in obtaining the standard. The perambulation, which
takes place in the month of June, is succeeded by j!
horse-racing, and various national and local gymnastic |>
exercises, to the fortunate competitor in which are
awarded pioportionate stakes and prizes;
Hawick is one of the most consiricable manufactu*!
ring and trading towns in the south of Scotland. The-
weaiing of stockings, and the spinning of yam (chiefly
lambs' wool), aie branches of g1e.1t extent. The ma-
nufacture of blankets, shawls, tweeds, tartans, cloak- I
ingsand woollen cloths is also of materia', importance;!
in the tanning of leather and dressing of sheep-skins
I here are several houses engaged ; and the making of
whips and thongs is a branch of consequence bete.!
Four banking agencies are settled here, namely,a branch
of the British Linen Company's bank, the Commercial
Bank of Scotland, the National Bank of Scotland, and
the Royal Bank of Scotland; there is also a Savings*
bank. The commerce and general trade of the place
has received some improvement from the facility of
communication with distant parts by railway transit.
The Hawick branch of the North British line has
effected a direct means of intercourse with Edinburgh
and the north, and by means of the Berwick and Kelso
bianch, with those towns and the south. One of the
principal inns here, called 'The Tower,' situated in the
Matket-place, was a fortress, once belonging to the
superior of the burgh, and the only building not con-
sumed by the forces of Sussex: at a more recent
period it was the frequent residence of the celebrated 1
Anne, Duchess of Buccleugh and Monmouth. 'She
Crown' is the other inn.
There are places of worship of the Establishment,
the Free Church, and for various religious denomina-
tions — a list of these, with their officiating ministers,
is g'nen at a subsequent page. The establishment of
several institutions evinces a ta*te for literary pursuits
and useful knowledge ; among these are two public
and one circulating bbiaries. two public reading rooms,
liberally furnished with London and provincial papers;
also a mechanics' institution. A farmers' club, oi
agricultural society, was formed here in 1776; the
members assemble regularly once a month for the dis-
cussion of questions connected with agriculture. There
is slso the West Teviotdale Agricultural Souety, estab-
lished in 1835, which have an annual exhibition of live
stock, to the best of which premiums are awarded ; the
object of the society being to encourage the improve-
ment of the breed of stock within the distticf. The
market is held on Thursday, and the fairs on the 17th
of May, the 21st of September, and the 8th of Novem-
ber — (any of these days of the month happening on
Satui day, Sunday or Monday, the fair is held on the
following Tuesday). A cattle ttyst is likewise held in
October, at which numbers of black cattle are exposed
for sale in passing from Falkirk tryst to Carlisle add
Newcastle fairs; and there is a wool fair held on the
first Thursday after Saint Boswell's fair in July.
Mr. FRANCIS DEANS, Post Master.
Letters from Edinburgh and the North arrive at a quarter past ten in the forenoon and seven in the evening!
and on Sundav at ten in the morning only. The box closes for the despatch at twenty minutes past nin e
, in the morning and half past four in the afternoon ; on Sundays it closes at twenty minutes past five i tt
the afternoon.
Letters from London, Berwick, Kelso, Jedburgh and Denholm arrive every morning (Sundays included)
at five minutes past five, and from Kelso every week-d^y again at seven in the evening. The box doses
for the despatch to London at half past four in the afternoon, to Jedburgh and Denholm at half past
eleven in the forenoon, and to Berwick and Kelso at half past eleven in the forenoon and haif past four
in the afternoon. On Sundays the box closes for the despatch at half past eleven in tire forenoon.
Letters from Carlisle and the South ariivc every morning (Sundays included) at twenty minutes before
twelve nonn. The box closes for the despatch every day (Sundays included) at one. The box closes for the
despatch to York and the Newcastlr Km way Station Post Office, with letters for the East Coast
of Kngland, at halt past tour in the afreraoon.
Letters to be forwarded by the cNvsseiigers to Bonchester Bridge, Deanburniiaugh, Asiikirk, Common-
side and Stoebs must bo posted a" b«jf pi«t eleven in the forenoon, as these messengers ate despatch Ml
immediately after the arrival of the South Mail.
The Denholm messenger, viaCik\eK<>, K»st Mil-dle, Dfaholmhill, &c. is despatched at half past six )D
the morning, and returns at haif p,»«j ("•.•;,• ip the afternoon.
The M into messenger, via ArriF.TKee Hmj, Houm e> nut, Hassendf.an. Rlr>«.ro«f., Huunfoot, &r> ^
despatched at half past six in the nioruiog, and return, "c time (ft the tles-pai. li to tit? South.
** Letters can be posted by any of the above mai s iwe*ig minutes later than the time Specified, icith a
additional stamp.
Money Orders are grant. d and paid at this office,

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