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iJOCHGILPHEAD is n thriving burgh, pleasftntly situated at the
northern extremity or head of Loch Gilp, from -which the name is
derived. It is 125 miles w. of Edinburgh, 51 n. of Campbeltown,
2'l^i s.w. of Inverary, 13^.-ij n. of Tarbert, and 8 s. of Kilmartin. The
town is of cnnip;ir;itively modern erection, and its site contained
only two or I '.'(.-L- lidhermsn's huts at the commencement of the
present centiuy ; it now consists of several well-formed streets—
the foot-paths of which are well paved, an the inhabitants are
plenteously supplied with water from a reservoir constructed by
the burgh commissioners. The streets are lighted by gas supplied
by a joint stock company, whose pipes extend from the Asylum at
Lochgilphead to beyond Ardrishaig— a distance of four miles. Loch-
gilphead was constituted a burgh under the Act 13 and 14 Victoria,
caj). 33, and is governed by nine commissioners of police, including
ono senior and two junior magistrates appointed under the pro-
yiaions of the said Act. The inhabitants are principally employed
in agriculture and fishing, others are engaged in a woollen cloth
manufactory and dye works established here some time. Meetings
of the Argyll prison, police, aud lunacy boards are held at stated
periods, also monthly meetings of the South Argyll district road
trustees and of the local justices, and a sherllF's small debt court is
held quarterly, Lochgilphead is rapidly improving; in front of the
main street a part of tlio loch has been embanked, and a piece of
ground made for the convenience of the large cattle fairs or mar-
kets. The town is connected by numerous erccelleut roads with all
parts of the county, and a line of telegraph also connects it with
Campbeltown, Inverary, Oban, the Islands of Mull and Islay, Ac,
and Glasgow. A cloth manufactory and a carding mill are worked
by water power from a stream passing to the north of the town.
On the Kilmory side is a quay for the accommodation of the
small craft engaged in the herring fishery.
Besides t)ie parliamentary church, which was built at the head of
Argyll street, in 1827-8, there is a Baptist chapelin the same street, a
Reformed Presbyterian church, now Slartyrs' Free church, in L'n.on
street, a Free church in Lochnell street, and there was erected in
1852, on the north side of the towu, a handsome Scotch Episcopal
cathedral church— the hitter is a neat building in the decorated
Gothic style of architecture, and consists of a uave and chancel;
the windows of the chancel are of stained glass, with figure of
Our SavioiTr and the arms of Argyll and the lales — and a residence
for tUe Bishop of Argyll and the Isles. There are also Board
schools here. Tho site commands an extensive view of Loch Fyne
to Arran and the varied and beautiful scenery around. A com-
modious court-house and a jail have been built. The Argyll and
Bute district asylum, which has been considerably enlarged, and is
now capable of containing 300 persons, is situated" on the hill over-
looking the town, and a combination poor-liouso has also been
erected there. The Criiian canal passes a few hundred yards to the
west of the town, and separates it from Auchendarroch, tho resi-
dence of Alexander Campl)ell, Esq., on whose property tlie greater
part of the town is built. A mile to the south-east is Kilmory
House, the scat of Sir John Powlett Orde, Bart.; the house, sur-
rnnnded with its well-wooded grounds, forms a conspicuous and
interesting feature in the landscape from all parts of the loch,
especially from Ardrishaig, which is nearly opposite. Ten railes
north-west is Duiitroon Castle, the property of John Malcolm, Esq.
of Poltalloch, who possesses extensive demesnes in this part of the
county, nud on whoso estate above two thousand acres of soft peat
moss, at the head of Loch Crinan.have been converted iuto uxcel-
lent corn and grazing land; the farm is appropriately called
" Experiment." Calton Mor, the elegant residence of this gentleman,
erected at a cost of about ^£200,000, overlooks the fertile plain
which has been thus reclaimed.
Fairs are held on the third Thursday in March for horses ; on
the second AVednesday after the last Wednesday in May, and the
second Wednesday after tho last Wednesday in October for black
cattU^ and on the second Thursday after the foui'th Thursday in
November for horses. Population in 1871, 1,642.
Ardrishaict is two miles south; its inhabitants are chiefly en-
gaged in fishing and curing hon-ings, and in the transit trade
which connects tho Western Highlands with Glasgow and the
other ports on the Clyde. This place may be said to be the port to
Lochgilphead, with which it is now nearly joined. In addition to a
protective pier of 400 yards in length, with a small lighthouse at ita
extremity, a oommodious low water pier and slip within the har-
bour, with a depth of seven feat, were erected in 1337 by the govern-
ment eomtnissioners of the Crinan canal. This canal estcndg
from Ardrishaig to Crinan, a distance of ten miles, and aff^ords the
means of obviating a boisteious voyage of forty leagues round the
Mnll of Eint3're. Steam packets pass the canal on theii- way from
Glasgow to all parts of the western coast, and by the Caledonian
canal to Inverness. Here is an Established church, also a Froo
church, and an Episcopal and Board school. The Ardrishaig Hotel
is the principal one in the neighbourhood. Many excellent sites
for villas are along the coast, several have already b-jen built on,
and some villas are let furnished as summer quarters, the increased
communication with tlie south making it a favourite coast
residence. Population in IS71, 1,177.
Bellanach is a small village, about five miles w. of Lochgilp-
head, situated in a glen on the southern bauk of the Crinan canal,
which here forms a fine triangular sheet of water, and terminates
at Crinan, about a mile further west. The village contains a sub-
post office and a Board school.
Kilmartin, a small village eight miles north of Lochgilphead,
contains a comfortable inn, a Board 3cho7>l, a parish church and a
Free church. About two miles to the east is the mansion of Cal-
ton Mor, the residence of John Malcolm, Esq., of Poltalloch ; about
a quarter of a mile more distant, standing on a prominent rock
facing Loch Crinan, is Duntroon Castle, and within four miles of
the last named are the beautiful ruins of Cai'nazarie Castle — ■
formerly the residence of the bishops of Argyll. Eleven miles west
of Kilmartin, by a circuitous road, is Craignish Castle, the resi-
dence of Charles F. T. Gascoygne, Esq.. of Craignish, At
Barbkeck is the handsome mansion and demesne of Vice-Admiral
Oolin Yorko Campbell. Fairs are held at Kilmartin on the first
Thursday in Marcli, for horses, and the fourth Thursday in Novem-
ber, for horses and hiring servants. A prize show, in connection
with the Poltalloch Fiu-ming Society, is held here for cattle, sheep
and horses, in September.
Kilmichael-Glassary, at one time a burgh of considerable
repute, now a small hamlet, is a parish situated about midway
between Lochgilphead and Kilmartin. The parish church and
manse of Glassary are here. A Board school, a market stance, and
a good inn ar^ at Bridgend, on the river Add, half a mile west of
Kilmichacl. Between Kilmichaol and Kilmartm there are numerous
druidlcal remains. Two large and much frequented fairs are held
here annually, at which from seven to eight thousand head of black
cattle are generally exposed for sale — namely, on the last Wednes-
day in May, which is also for horses and sheep, and the last
Tuesday before the last Wednesday in October — at both of which
fairs the hiring of servants takes place.
POST OFPICS, Unwin street, Locugelphead, Mary Miller. Post Mistress. — Letters arrive from Edinburgh, Glasgow, England
and all parts at eleven morning (by Mail Cart i-'n Inverary), and from Greenock, Campbeltown, England, aud all parts at twenty minutes
to two afternoon (per Steamer i;ia Greenock), and from Kilmartin, Ford, Kilmidfort, &,c. at twenty minutes to two afternoon, and aro
despatched to Edinburgh, Glasgow and Inverary at twenty minutes to six morning; to Campbeltown, Tarbert, &c. at ten minutes past
seven morning ; to Edinburgh, Glasgow, Greenock, England, Ireland, and all parts at twenty minutes past twelve noon; and to Kil-
martin, Kihnichael, Kihnelfort, &c. at twenty-five minutes past one afternoon.
Money Onler and Telegraph Office and Sainngs Bank.
Post 0£nce, Ardrishaig, Ann H. Scott, Post Mistress.— Ijetters arrive from Edinburgh, Glasgow, aud all parts (by Mail Cart)
at ten minutes to eleven morning, and (by Steamer) at one afternoon, and are despatched at half-past five morning and twenty minutes
to one afternoon.
Post Offlce, Bhllanacii, John Johnson, Post Master, — Letters arrive at three afternoon and are despatched at half-past nine
The nearest Moiiey Order Office is at Kilmartin.
Post Offlcei Ford, Catherine M'Gilp, Post itfi>(r«s.— Letters arrive at half-past four afternoon, and are despatched at half-past
eight morning.
TliG nearest Money Order Ofice is at Kilmartin. at
Post Office, Kilmartin, Archibald Crawford, Post J»fasfer.— Letters arrive at half-past three afternoon, and are despatched
ten morning.
Money Order and Tclefiraph Ojfice and Savings Bank.
Post OSice, Kilhichael, Neil M'Lachlan, Post Jlfa-3*«r.— Letters arrive at twenty minutes past two afternoon, and aro
despatched at a quarter to eleven morning.
The nearest Money Order Office is at Lochgilphead.
Post Offlce* Tatvai.lich, Colin Campbell, Post Master. — Letters arrive at ten minutes past five evening, and are despatched
at twenty muiutes past seven morning.
The nearest Money Order Ojicc is at Lochgilphead.
Bruce Henry, Esq. of Ederline
Cameron Mr. John, Tinalinn
Campbell Alex. Esq. of Auchendarroch
CamiJbell Captain Archibald J. Brainfield
Campbell Miss Christina, Succoth Cottage
Campbell Vlce-Admiral Colin Yorko, of
Campbell Rev. Donald, Glassary Manse
Campbell Mr. Dugald, Lochgilphead
Campbell Duncan M'lver. Esq. of Arkinsh
Campbell Mrs. Flora, Ardfinaig Lodge
Campbell Captain .Jamoa, of Inverneil
Campbell Colonel John (of Fossil), Seacliff
House, Ardrishaig
Campbell John Graham, Esq. {of Shiivain),
Castleton House
Campbell Miss Mary, Erskine Cottage
Campbell the Misses Minnie and Helen,
Islay Lodge [Ardrishaig
Campbell William A. Esq. (of Ormsary),
Coulter Thomas, Esq. j.p. Lochgilxjhead
Darwin Francis, Esq. Invorlever
Dewnr Rev. John, Kilmartin
Ferguson Rev. Alexander, Carsaig
Forbes Rev. Finlay, Union st
i Jfrager Miss Eliaa, Ardri^^haig
Eraser Rev. William, Free Church Manse,
Fulton Rev. James M. Paterson st
Gascogyne Chas. F. T. Esq. Craignish Castle
Glass William, Esq. Glendarroch
Hunter John, Esq. Kindrochit
Lloyd Thomas, Esq. of Miuard
M'Caig Rev. Charles N. Prospect Villa
M'Callum Rev. CoUn, Lochgair
M'Corquodale Mr. John, Argyll st
M'Eachcrn Rev. Donald, Ardrishaig
MacEwau Archibald, Esq. Lochgilphead
MacEwan Hugh, Esq. Lochgilphead
1 Mftckaraesa Mr. George E. Achoish

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