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inont for repressing tlie encroacliinents of the enemy. Notwith-
standing this preparation, and that the town at this time is repre-
sented as " one of the most beautiful, rich, and populous of the
kingdom (Scotland), and though it were easy to make it impregnable,"
yet so defenceless was its condition in respect to fortifications, that
the English forces entered from Balgillo and Broughty without oppo-
sition. Their occupancy of the town, however, was of short duration.
Whilst engaged in the erection of fortifica'tions, they were surprised
by the approach of M. D'Esse, at the head of the French and German
auxiliaries, together with the Scottish forges, and, after rifling and
setting fire to the town, they retired without loss. The French now
completed the fortifications, and, supported by the citizens and the
neighbouring gentlemen, placed the town in a state of Safety. Mean-
while the principles of the Eeformation were rapidly spreading in the
community, and neither the death ofWishart, nor the commotions
they had undergone, had damped the zeal and courage of its pro-
moters. Paul Methven, a native of the town, now began fearlessly
to preach the doctrines of the New Testament with great success, and
became one of the most distinguished champions of the Eeformation.
The priesthood first tried to silence and destroy him, then summoned
him before their tribunals, disregarding which, sentence of banishment
was prououn|;ed against him, and proclamation made forbidding any
one to receive or encourage him under pains and penalties. These
threats were equally disregarded, and the people continued to crowd
to his sermons whenever he preached. Thus foiled and irritated, the
priesthood prevailed upon the Queen Eegent, Mary of Guise, to order
his arrest ; but Provost Hallyburton, to whom the order was for-
warded, instead of acting upon it, gave Methven private notice of its
peremptory nature, and, not being able to guarantee his safety,
advised him to take measures for his own security, which he did by
leaving the town. A decree of the Queen issued at this time, com-
manding the lieges to celebrate Easter according to the established
form, having been disregarded, she assembled her forces to compel
obedience, and sent a body of troops into Fife to assail the Eeformeis
then assembled in St Andrews, hoping to secure them, and crush at once
the new faith and its supporters. The Eeformers, apprized of the
Eegent's intentions, removed to Cupar, where they were joined by a
numerous body of the citizens of Dundee, accompanied by their
zealous and active Provost, James Hallyburton. The Queen Eegent,
informed of the numbers and formidable position of her opponents, not

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