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October — m Dundee. The betrayal of Wallace by Monteith, and bifs
cruel deatb, 23rd August 1305, served only to rouse tlie latent energies
of the Scots and whet their desire for freedom ; and in less than six
months after this crowning act of cruelty of Edward, the whole system
which his craft and violence had reared, at a vast expense of English
blood and treastire, was entirely overthrown. The younger Kobert
Bruce now arose as the deliA^^erer of his country, and was crowned at
Scone on the 27th March 1306. After the death of Edward I. and the
accession of his son, Edward II., the estates of Scotland assembled in the
church of the Minorite Friars at Dundee, on the 24th February 1309,
and solemnly declared Robert Bruce of Annandale now reigning, as their
lawful sovereign, and engaged to defend his rights and liberties. In
IB 12., the Castle, again in the hands of the enemy, was strongly beseiged
liy the Scots, and the garrison under William de Montfitchet, agreed
to surrender unless relieved within a stipulated time ; but Edward,
receiving intelligence of the agreement, meanly and dishonourably
ordered him, under the penalty of death and confiscation of his estates,
to retain possession. In the same year. Sir David de Brechin, nephew
of the Scottish King, was appointed Governor of Dundee in the English
interest, and eight years after was convicted of conspiracy, and put to
death. Prince Edvv^ard Bruce, brother of the king, made himself master
of the Castle in 1313. The celebrated battle of Bannockburn in the
following year, one of the greatest military achievements on record,
gave King Robert Bruce the undisputed sovereignty of all Scotland.
He now devoted himself sedulously to the establishment of his throne
and kingdom, and the correction of all those disorders, which an inces-
sant state of warfare had superinduced. With this view he visited
several parts of the country, and in the same year resided in this
town, where he endeared himself by many acts of courtesy and kind-
ness, the best prerogatives of royalty. While here, he bestowed the
keeping of the forest of Stocket on the burgh of Aberdeen, the charter
of which is dated at Dundee, 24th October 1314. Eight years after,
whilst he was on a visit to the Abbey of Arbroath, the bm-gesses of
Dundee, finding that every record of the privileges granted to them
by former sovereigns had been destroyed by the English, applied to
him to have them recognized and confirmed, Avhereupon he issued a
commission, appointing his Chancellor, Bernard, Abbot of Arbroath,
and Chamberlain Alexander Eraser, his lieutenants for these purposes'.
I'he two Commissioners having repaired to Dundee, and examined
witnesses on oath, found full evidence that the town had enjoyed tie
c

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