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that he was removed from Dunipace to the Public Seminaries of Dun-
dee, where he contracted a friendship with John Blair, who afterwards
became his chaplain, and who, being an eye-witness of most of his
actions, wrote an account of them in Latin ; which, however, has not
come down to us ; though Blind Harry makes a liberal use of it in his
celebrated metrical history of the hero. The blind historian relates a
story of an encounter which Wallace had at this early period of his life
with a youthful son of Selby the English Grovernor of the Castle, who
had insulted him about his country. In the words of the chronicler : —
" Fast by the collar Wallace couth hym ta;
Under hys hand ye knyff he bradit out,
For all hys men yat semblyt hym about ;
Bot help himself, he wist of no remede,
Without reskew he stykyt hym to dede.
Ye squier fell — of him yar was na mair."
For his temerity the victor had to fly to the fastnesses of his country
and was outlawed, which animated him with an unconquerable enmity
to the English ever after, and led him to seek the deliverance of his
country from their grasp. Be that as it may, this alleged exploit rests
entirely upon the authority of Henry ; and Bower, the continuator of
Fordun, an excellent authority, asserts that the hostility of Wallace to
the English arose from his despair at seeing his relations and countrymen
in misery and servitude under their oppression. Of course the tradition
respecting a stone in thj; possession of a family in the village of Longfor-
gan, on which the young hero is said to have rested in his flight to the
Castle of Kilspindie in the Carse, founded on the story, may only be a
piece of pretty romance. Certainly the first incident properly authen-
ticated which gave shape and character to his subsequent career hap-
pened at Lanark in 1297. When residing there with his wife, to whom
he was devotedly attached, in one of his strolls he met some English-
men who insultingly reproached him for the gaudiness of his dress, con-
trasted with the forlorn condition of his country. This roused him to
an attack which resulted in bloodshed, and he fled to his house pursued
by his assailants. Assisted by his wife he escaped to the Cartlane
Crags at the Falls of Clyde. Hislop or Hazlerigg, the English Sheriff,
enraged at the violence done to his countrymen, dispatched an armed
party, who burned his house, and put his wife and servants to death.
Receiving notice of this brutality he collected a small body of his
friends, and, returning to Lanark the same night, avenged the death
of his wife by the complete slaughter of her murderers. Thus bereft

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