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Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots. After the battle of Pinkie the English,
elated with their victory, sent forward a strong detachment northward
to Dundee. Having secured the Castle of Broughty, and built that of
Balgillo on the adjacent hill, they sent a strong force into this town, which
they easily reduced ; the people having no other defence than the walls
of their houses. During a few days occupation of the town they com-
menced the erection of new fortitications ; but Henry ^of France, the
ancient ally of the Scottish Crown, having previously sent over a large
force of French and German auxiliaries, a detachment under iVI. ci'Esse,
marched to the succour of the inhabitants. At their approach, the English
set the town on tire and retired to Broughty and Balgillo ; from which
they were soon after driven by the united strength of the citizens of
Dundee and neighbouring gentlemen and the French allies; the latter
of whom proceeded to complete the fortifications begun by the English.
Of these walls and gates nothing now remains except the ruin now
standing called the Cowgate ]*urt. The names of the gates, however,
are still preserved in the names of the streets by which they were ap-
proached — the Nethergate, anciently called the Fluckergate; the Over-
gate, formerly called the Argy legate; the Seagate, Cowgate, Wellgate,
and Murraygate. It has been supposed that it was from the gate, the
ruins of which still remain, that the amiable George Wishart preached
during the epitiemic or " plague" with which the town was visited in 1544.
It has been ascertained, however, beyond doubt, that the gate trom which
the devoted martyr discoursed to the people stood west from this, near
Sugar-house Wynd, the prtsent port not having been built till two years
after his death. Had this been in reality the veritable " Port " from
which the noble martyr administered consolation to the sick and dying,
and instruction to the ignorant, it might have afforded a strong reason
for its preservation. As it has no more connection with Wishart than
Luther or Calvin, we think its removal, as an unseemly obstruction to
a public thoroughfare, could do no violence to our organs of veneration,
or our respect for the benefactor of our town and country.
As one of the most ancient towns and garrisons of the country, and
at some periods, second only, if not equal in size and importance to
the Scottish capital, Dundee has occupied a prominent position in na-
tional affairs, besides the importance which often attached to its own local
proceedings. Leaving out of view the legend of its Castle being a place
of remarkable strength in the reign of Donald I., which, if there was such

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