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ard I. of England (Cceur de Lion) in the third cru-
sade. Earl David resolving, probably in conse-
quence of a vow, to express his gratitude, either
wholly built, or at least made additions to, the
church which at present is used as the parish church.
He erected the stupendous square tower at the west
end, and dedicated the whole to the Virgin Mary,
by whose intercession, according to the belief of
those times of gross superstition, he imagined he
had been preserved. Though this church must
have been in the open fields at that time ; yet the
town was of considerable extent to the eastward ;
and it was certainly bestowed in a grant to the Earl
by King William, who had vowed that the first land
at which his favourite brother should arrive should
be conferred on him.
The other names, Taodunum, Dun Tay, or Dun-
tai, signify the hill of Tay, or the hill of God. The
latter meaning, taken in conjunction with Alec,
seems anciently to have given rise to the common
appellation of Bonny Dundee. That the name is
originally from the Gaelic language, with the Latin
corruption, is rendered more probable, because most
of the places in the vicinity of the town are derived
from that language, as Dudhope, Balgay, Drum-
geith, Dimtrune, Baldovie, Balumbie : few only be-
ing from the Saxon language.
The extent of the ancient royalty of Dundee was
confined within a very narrow compass. The town
appears to have consisted of two streets — the Sea-
gate, or more properly Seagaet, next the river, and
Cowgate, a little north from that, running east and
west, nearly parallel to one another ; bounded on
b 2

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