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I^icrot k Co.'g
of Mny, 1588. In this charter the king ratifies sun-
dry charters, donations, and indentures, by John
and llobert, abbots of Duufennliue, particuhuly
one dated the 10th of Octoljer, 1395, by vvhicli the
abbot and convent renounce, in favour of the ei-
dermen and comnninity, the whole income of the
burgh belonging to their revenue, with th» small
customs, profits of court, &c; " reserving, how-
ever, the power of punishment, should any
of the niagistrates be guilty of injustice in the
exercise of their office." At an early period Dun-
fermline became a royal residence; and Malcolm
Canmore usually resided at a tower, or castle, built
on a peninsulated hill in a valley near the town.
A palace was afterwards built not far from the tow-
er, in a most romantic situation ; the south west
wall still remains a monument of the magnificent
fabric, ofAvhich it was a part. The monastery,
one of the most ancient in Scotland, was founded
by Malcolm Canmore, fiH' mouksof the Benedictine
order, and completed by his son Alexander I. It
continued to be governed by a prior till the reign of
David I. who raised it to the dignity of an abbey,
and in 1124, translated thither thirteen monks from
Canterbury. The abbey was richly endowed, and
derived its revenues from very di.stant parts of the
kingdom ; it was a magnificent and extensive build-
ing, but fell an early sacrifice to the plundering
army of Edward I. About the beginning of the 16th
century all that was saved of that ui-eat institution
was the church, with a few cells for the monks;
these were demolished at the Reformation, and the
ruins of the abbey are now inconsiderable. The
parish church and steeple were large and ancient,
being part of the abbey built by Malcolm Canmore ;
but it is now nearly rebuilt. Here the founder, his
Queen, and several of the Scottish monarchs lie in-
terred; and here were lately discovered the remains
of that celebrated hero, Robert Bruce. The small
rivulet Line passes near this town, and there are
several extensive Lochs. The parish abonud.s with
valuable mlues and minerals ; in many places there
are rocks of white freestone, and whinstone is
also found for paving the streets ; limestone has
been wrought to a great extent ; ironstone is also
abundant, and exported in great quantities to the
Carron works. Tlie town is governed by a provost,
two bailies, a dean of guild, &c. Markets are held
on Tuesday and Friday, the former, Tuesday, for
corn; and there are. fairs on the third \Vednes-
day in January, the second Wednesday in March,
tlie^ fourth Wednesday in April, the first Wednesday
in July, the second Tuesday in August, the fourth
Friday in September, the last Thursday in October,
and the fourth Wednesday iu November.
POST OFFICJS, Kirkgate; Post Mistress, Mrs. Catherine Angus, The mail from Edinburgh
arrives every morning at two, and departs immediately for Alloa and Stirling; from Alloa and Stirling,
every evening at ten, and departs immediately for Edinburgh; from Perth and all parts of the north,
every day at one, and departs for Edinburgh every afternoon at four. Letters from Loudon and all parts
of the south arrive and dej)art by the Edinburgh mail.
Established Church— Rev. Allan Mc Lean, Kirk-
gate, and the Rev. Peter Chalmers, Ministers
Chapel of Ease — Rev. G. B. Brand, Minister,
North Chapel st
Baffist — Vacant, Maygate
Relief — Rev. Henry Fergus, Minister, N. Chapel st
Old Burghers — Rev. William Dalziel, Minister,
Canmore st
United Secession — Vacant, Queen Ann st
United Secession — Rev. George Barlas, Minister,
Chalmers st
Magistrates, Sfc.
James Blackwood, esq. Provost
Alexander Bogie, esq. First Bailie
David Mitchel, esq. Second Bailie
John Kerr, esq. Dean of Guild
David Beveridge, escj. Treasurer
George Meldrum, First Old Bailie
Andrew Peebles, Second Old Bailie
Lawrence Wilson, Old Dean of Guild
David Thomson, Old Treasurer
John Stenhouse and James Beveridge, New Mer-
chant Councillors
Thomas Williamson, Convener of Trades
John Anderson, of Weavers
Edward Young, of Wrights
George Turnbull, of Tailors
John Macfarlane, jun.of Shoemakers
James Brodie, of Bakers
John Gall, of Masons
Wm. Fotheriugham, of Fleshers
William Beveridge, Town Clerk
John Macdonald, sub-distributor
The Provost and Bailies, for the time being, Jus-
tices within the burgh
Robert Hutton and John Macdonald,- joint Procu-
rators-fiscal before all the courts
Andrew Clejjhane, esq. Sheriff depute
Robert Jamieson, esq. Sheriff substitute for east
Alexander Colville, esq. Sheriff substitute for west
Robert Hutton> ■■ ^ n .
Jn. Macdonald JJ*'"'* Procurators
John Henderson, Governor
Aitken Mrs, South Chapel st I
Barlas Rev. George, Bridge st |
Brand Rev. George Bell, Abbey
paik place
Chalmers Rev. Peter, New row
Curror Robt. esq. Danduff
Curror Robt. esq. West Craigdu-
Dalziel Rev. Wm. Monastery st
Douglas Jas. gent. St. Margaret st
Elgin, theEarl of,Broomhall house
Fergus Rev. Henry, North Cha-
pel street
Flockliart Henry, esq. East Craig-
Halket Sir Chas. Pittferran hou.'se
Hunt Mrs. James, Queen Ann st
Hunt Jas. esq. Pittencrief house
KeelerLieut. Alexander, RN. Chal-
mers street
Mc Lean Rev. Allan, Manse
Main Andrew, esq. Tough Mill
Moodie James, esq. High st
Mudie Robt. esq. Balmule
Purvis Thos. esq. Lochend
WardlawMrs. Abbey park place
Wellwood A. M. esq. Pittlever
Wilson Mrs. IMajor, Canmore st

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