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POST OFFICE REGULATIONS.
33
The charge for signalJing, or fur reporting the pass-
ing of a ship, at Hurst Castle signal station is lOd.,
and must be prepaid.
The charges made by Lloyd's and others for similar
services, or for giving other information, vary in
amount. Tiiey are collected oq the delivery of the
telegram containing the report.
In all cases the Post Office charge for the trans-
mission of the telegram (including the reply, if any)
must be prepaid at the ordinary rate for inland
telegrams. .
PKIVATE WIRES.
1. The Department undertakes to construct and
afterwards maintain, upon the payment of an annual
j-ental, a line of private wire between the place of
business or residence of a firm or private individual
and a Postal Telegraph Office, or between two or
more places of business or residences. The advantage
of having a private wire led into a Postal Telegraph
Office is that the renter is placed in direct communi-
cation with the public wires to all parts of the king-
dom or abroad, messages being received from and
sent to the Postal Telegraph Office by wire instead of
by hand. The renter has also the privilege of
sending messages over his private wire to be for-
warded from the Post Office as ordinary letters, or of
â– calling a messenger for the express delivery of a
letter or parcel.
2. The Department also undertakes to supply
Greenwich mean time by electric current at either ten
or one o'clock.
3. All applications or communications in regard
to private wires or time signals should be addressed
to '"The Secretaiy, General Post Office, London, E.C."
FOEEIGN TELEGEAMS.
(Regulations founded upon the International
Telegraph Convention.)
1. Foreign telegrams ai'e of two kinds, telegrams
in plain language and telegrams in secret language.
Those in plain language are composed of words,
figures, and letters conveying an intelligible meaning.
Those in secret language are di\"ided into two classes :
(1) preconcerted language or code. (2) cypher.
2. Telegrams in preconcerted language, or code,
are composed of words, the context of which has no
intelligible meaning. Proper names are not allowed
in the text of such telegrams, except in their natural
sense. Words of more than ten letters are not allowed
in either the European or the Extra- European system.
Only English. French, German, Italian, Spanish,
Portuguese, Dutch, and Latin may be employed;
but words of any or all of these languages are
allowed in the same telegram.
S. Cypher telegrams are those containing groups
of figures having a secret meaning. Telegrams con-
.sisting of groups of letters are not accepted, but
groups of letters denoting trade marks are allowed in
the midst of plain or preconcerted language, and are
then charged for as figures. See par. 8.
4. Special forms are provided for Foreign Tele-
grams: the A J form for telegrams to be transmitted
by NorthAmerican Cables, and theA- form for other
Foreign and Colonial Telegrams. Telegrams written
on forms supplied by the Cable Companies are also
accepted at Post Offices. .
Books containing twenty-five forms, each bearing
an embossed lOd. stamp, interleaved, can be ob-
tained, price £1 Is. each.
5. The address of the receiver must be paid for,
and must not consist of less than the name of the
person and the name of the town. Example — Her-
cules, Bombay.
6. The address of the sender is charged for if
transmitted ; it in any case must be written at the
foot of the form.
7. In telegrams written in plain language, in-
tended for places within the European system, the
length allowed for a word is 15 letters. In telegrams
for places within the Extra-European system the
maximum length of a word is 10 letters. Any addi-
tional letters are charged for at the rate of 15 or 10
letters respectively to the word.
8. Subject to this limit, ordinary compound words
and names written without break are counted as single
words. If joined by a hyphen, or separated by an
apostrophe, they are counted as so many separate
words. Compound numbers written in words and
without break are also counted as single words subject
to the same limit as to the number of letters. The
name of the office, county, province, and of the country
of destination in the addresses of telegrams are charged
for as one word each, whatever their length. Words
incorrectly spelled, so as to reduce the number of
letters below the maximum, or incorrectly joined to-
gether, contrary to the usage of the language, are
inadmissible.
If the sender of a telegram from a place abroad
improperly joins together English words for the
purpose of reducing the charge, the amount under-
charged is collected from the addressee.
9. Every separate letter or figure is charged for
as a word. As to groups, in European telegi-ams
five figm-es or letters are counted as a word, larger
groups being counted at the rate of five to a word,
plus one word for any excess. In Extra- Europeaa
telegrams, groups are counted at the rate of three
to a word, plus one word for any excess. See par. 3.
Bars of divisions, decimal points, and stops used in
the formation of numbers are counted as figures.
Letters added to figures to form ordinal numbers
are counted as figures.
10. In telegrams for large towns the exact address
should be given, and should be in French, or in the
language of the country to which they are to be sent.
When it can be given, the profession or calling of
the addressee should be stated, otherwise the tele-
gram will be forwarded only at the risk of the sender.
If there is more than one place of the same name,
the name of the country or state in which the place is
situated should be added to the address, i
11. Corrections, alterations, or add tions to the
address can only be made by means of a fresh tele-
gram, which must be paid for at the ordinary rate.
12. If the sender desires to prepay a reply of 10
words, he must insert before the address of the receiver
" R P," which is charged for as one word ; but if he
desires a reply of more or less than 10 words, he
must insert " R P ," which are charged for as
two words. A less sum than lOd cannot be accepted
in prepayment of a reply. More than 30 words can-
not be prepaid. A voucher for the reply is issued by
the office of delivery, and the person receiving it is
entitled to use it within six weeks from the date of
its issue in payment, or partial payment, as the case
b

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