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Foreign and Colonial Letters.
Lettei'S posted unpuid, or insufficiently piiid for,
to any country wlinre jjrcpaynient is compulsory,
are returned to tlio writers.
Unpaid letters (o or fronti places abroiul yrc
charged double the prepaid rate, and those partially
prepaid are chari;ed with double the deficiency.
Routes. — Letters not specially directed to go by
a particular route are forwarded by the first mail
No letter fur a Colony or Foroign Country may
exceed 2 feet in lenj^th or 1 foot in width or depih.
The addi esses of letters for Russia should be
very plainly written ; the name of the town, and of
the province in which it is situated, should also be
added iu English, French, or German.
Foreign and Colonial Booh and Newspaper Post.
Articles which may be sent to places abroad
under the ISook I'ost Regulations consist of two
classes, as follows: —
l&t. Commercial Papers, under which are comprised
all papeis or docuin(>iits written or drawn wholly or
partly by hand (except letters or communications in
the nature of letters, or other papers or documents
having the cbaracter of an actual and personal cor-
respondence J, documents of legal procedure, Deeds
drawn up by public functionaries, copies of or extracts
from Deeds under private seal (and whether written
or printed on stamped or unstamped paper). Way
Bills, Bills of Lading, Invoices, and other documents
of a mercantile character, documents of Insurance and
other public Companies, all kinds of manuscript
Music, the manuscript of Books and other literary
works, and other papers of a similar description.
2nd. Printed Papers, including newspapers, perio-
dical works, books (stitched or bound), pamphlets,
sheets of music (printed), visiting cards, address cards,
proofs of printing (with or without the manuscript re-
lating thereto), engravirrgs, photographs, pictures,
drawings, papers impressed for the use of the blind, or
cardboard drawing models stanrped in relief, plans,
maps, catalogues, prospectuses, announcements, and
notices of various kinds, whether printed, engraved,
lithographed, or autographed and in general all im-
pressions or copies obtained upon paper, parchment,
or card-boar d by means of printing, lithography, auto-
graphy, or any other mechanical process easy to recog-
nise, except the cnpying press and the typewriter, and
anything usually attached or appurtenant to any of the
before-mentioned articles in the way of binding, mount-
ing, or otherwise, and anything convenient for their
safe tran:smission by post which shall be contained
in the same packet; also printed, engraved, or litlio-
graphed circulars, notwithstanding that such circulars
may be letters or communications in the nature of a
letter. On printr^d visiting cards tlic address or titio
of the sender, or conventional initials such as "p.p.c."
m-iy he written ; arrd on printed circulars manuscript
corrections and insertions nray bo made as to nrxrnes
of commercial ti'avellei's, dates of their journey, dates
of departure of ships, names of persons iirvited to
meetings, and the place, date, and object of the
meetings. Printers' pr-oofs may ho corrected in
manuscript, as nray also figures in prices curTcnt,
stock and share lists, &c. Books, paper-s, music,
photographs, and engravings may have a dedication
inscribed on them, and the invoice relating to them
may be enclosed. Stamps for preprryment, whether
obliterated or not, .and all printed articles constituting
tiro sign of monetary value, are, however, excluded
froirr transmission by Book Post to countries of iho
Postal Urriorj.
The two classes are subject to the same rates of
postage, except that the nrinirnuirr charge for a packet
of commer-cial papers, however small the weight, is
2|d. in every case. If there bo any mixture of the
two in the same packet the whole packet is treated
as commercial papers.
Commercial papers and printed papersmay be posted
either without a cover (iir which case it must not be
fastened, whether by means of gum, wafer, sealing wax,
postage stamp, or otherwise), or in an ordinary letter
envelope left wholly unfastened, or in a cover open at
both ends, so as to admit of the contents being easily
withdrawn for examination. For the greater securitj'
of the contents, however, the packets may bo tied at
the ends with string, but the string must be easy to
Dimensions. — The limits of size for a packet
addressed to countries of the Postal Union are 18
inches in length and one foot in width or depth, unless
they are irr the form of a roll, in which case the
limits of size will be 30 inches in length and 4 inches
in diameter, and for packets addressed to other places
abroad 24 inches in length arrd 12 inches in width or
depth. Limits of weight ar'o, 4 lbs. to countries ot
the Postal Union, and b Ib.s. lor other courrtries.
Rates of Postage. — Tlio i-ates of postage, which
must be prepaid, on packets to places abroad, are givea
at page 14.
All books and printed matter imported into the
United States through the post, however small the
value, are subject to a duty of 25 per cent, of that
value. The undermentioned articles are still exempt
from Customs duties: — 1st. Newspapers and perio-
dicals already exempt from duty; 2nd. Photo-
gi'aphs arrd pr-inted jrapers, other than books, re-
ceived in the Urrited States in such small quantities
as to suggest that they are intended for personal
use and not for sale.
Books and periodicals addressed to the Repub-
lic of Colombia are liable to Customs duties unless
intended for the per.sonal use of the addressees.
Books for Uruguay, whether bound or sewn, are
liable to Customs duties, except when the whole
value of those sent to any one addressee is less than
loo francs (£4).
Bound books sent to Portugal by post are subject
to Customs duty. The wrajipers should bear an in-
dication of the nature of the contents, and also the
words — " A soumettr-e a la douane." Unless these
conditions are complied with the books will be liable,
on delivery, to a line in addition to the duty.
Although books sent to Jtahf, whether bound or
unbound, are in strictness liable to Customs duties,
they are admitted by book post provided they are not
sent in considerable nuirrbers to any one person.
Foreign and Colonial Pattern and Sample Post.
1. The Pattern and Sample Post to foroign
countries and the colonies genei'ally is restricted
to bona fide trade patterns or samples of merchandise.
Packets contairriirg goods for sale, or iu execution of
an order (however small the quantity may be), or
any articles sent by one private individual to another

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