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the person of any officer of the Post Office. If such
a letter, &c, be posted in the letter-box, and discov-
ered before its despatch, it is detained, and a report
of the case made to the Secretary G.P.O. The fol-
lowing are examples of the articles referred to : — A
glass battle, or glass in any form ; leeches, game,
fish, meat, fruit, or vegetables ; bladders or vessels
containing liquids ; gunpowder, lucifer matches, or
anything which is explosive or combustible ; razors,
scissors, needles, knives, forks, or other sharp instru-
ments insufficiently protected.
52. Undelivered Letters. — When the reason for the
non-delivery of a letter, &c, is " Deceased," the
letter is sent, as soon as practicable, to the Returned
Letter Office, as are all letters intended for ships
which have sailed before the arrival of such letters
at the port of departure. When the reason is
" Refused," the letter, if an inland one, is retained
at the Post Office for one day only before being
sent to the Returned Letter Office, unless the refusal
be conditional, in which case the letter is kept for
three days, as are all foreign or colonial letters when
refused, and letters, whether inland or foreign, ad-
dressed to persons not known, or gone away. When
the reason is "Not called for" (the letter being
addressed to a Post Office), the packet is retained
one month ; except in the case of letters at seaports
addressed to persons on board ships expected to arrive
at such ports, which letters are kept three months.
53. Penalties for sending letters otherwise than
through the Post. — By the Act 1st Victoria, cap. 36,
sect. 2, any person conveying otherwise than by the
Post a letter not exempted from the exclusive privi-
lege of the Postmaster-General, incurs a penalty of
£5 for every letter, and £100 for every week the
practice is continued. The sender also incurs a
penalty of £5 for every letter, with full costs of suit.
54. Exceptions from exclusive privilege of Post
Office in conveyance of Letters. — The following are
the exceptions granted by the Act 1st Victoria, cap.
33, from the exclusive privilege of the Post Office,
in the conveyance of letters : —
§ 1. Letters sent by a private friend, so as such
letters be delivered by such friend to the party to
whom they shall be directed,
§ 2. Letters sent by a messenger on purpose, con-
cerning the private affairs of the sender or receiver
thereof; commissions or returns thereof, and affi-
davits and writs, process or proceedings or returns
thereof, issuing out of a court of justice.
§ 3. Letters sent out of the United Kingdom by
a private vessel (not being a packet boat).
§ 4. Letters of merchants, owners of vessels of
merchandise, or of the cargo or loading therein, sent
by such vessels of merchandise, or by any person
employed by such owners for the carriage of such
letters, according to their respective directions, and
delivered to the respective persons to whom they
shall be directed, without paying or receiving reward
. or profit for the same in anywise.
§ 5. Letters concerning goods or merchandise sent
by common carriers, to be delivered with the goods
which such letters concern, without hire or other
advantage for receiving or delivering such letters.
§ 6. No person is authorized to make a collection
of such excepted letters for the purpose of sending
them in the manner above described.
50. The following persons are expressly forbidden
to carry a letter, or to receive or collect or deliver a
letter, even though they shall not receive hire or
reward for the same : —
§ 1. Common known carriers, their servants or
agents, except a letter concerning goods in their
carts or waggons, or on their pack-horses ; and
owners, drivers, or guards of stage-coaches.
§ 2. Owners, masters, or commanders of ships,
vessels, steamboats, or boats called or being passage
or packetboats, sailing or passing coastwise, or
otherwise between places within Great Britain or
Ireland, or between, to, or from ports within her
Majesty's dominions or territories out of the United
Kingdom, or their servants or agents, except in re-
spect of letters of merchants, owners of ships, or
goods on board.
§ 3. Passengers or other persons on board any
such ships, vessels, steamboat, passage or packet boat.
§ 4. The owners of, or sailors or others on board
a ship or boat passing on a river or navigable canal
within the United Kingdom or other of her Majesty's
1. The charge for the transmission of an Inland
Message — i.e., of a message going from one part of
the United Kingdom to another part of the United
Kingdom, is uniformly, and without regard to dis-
tance. Is. for the first twenty words (exclusive of
the address, for which no charge is made), and 3d.
for each additional five words or part of five words.
2. The Message Forms are of two kinds, viz. :
Forms having a Is. stamp embossed thereon, and
Forms having no such stamp thereon. Both kinds
may be obtained at the Postal Telegraph Offices,
and the unstamped forms may be obtained at the
railway stations, from which the railway companies
transmit messages on account of the Post Office.
3. The forms having the Is. stamps embossed
thereon may be had singly, price Is., or in books
of fifty forms, price £2 10.
4. Telegrams may be repeated at the request of
the sender, should he desire to adopt this extra
security against risk of error ; the charge for repeti-
tion is one-half the ordinary tariff, fractions of 3d.
being reckoned as 2d.
5. The cost of a reply may be prepaid by the
sender of a telegram.
6. Telegrams may be re-directed from town to
town at an extra charge of one-half the ordinary
tariff, fractions of 3d. being reckoned as 2d.
7. Copies of a telegram directed to more than one
firm or person in the same free delivery will be
delivered separately at an additional charge of 3d.
per copy.
8. The sums charged for the transmission of
telegrams cover the costs of delivery by special foot
messenger within the limit of one mile of the ter-
minal Telegraphic Office, or within the limit of the
town postal delivery of that office when it is a
Head Office, and the town postal delivery extends
more than a mile from it.
9. When the addressee does not reside within the
above described limits, and the sender does not desire
to incur the cost of special delivery, his Telegram
will be delivered free of extra charge by the ordi-
nary postal delivery next following on the arrival
of the Telegram at the terminal Telegraphic Office.
10. If the sender desires to have his message
delivered beyond the limits of the free delivery, the

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