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  176
  THE CELTIC MONTHLY.
  at the ends. The thatch, after being thoroughly
  saturated with smoke — for there is no
  chimney — is taken down periodically and used
  as field dressing. The peat-reek is a useful
  antiseptic, counteracting successfully the effects
  of the insanitary conditions which exist. The
  door of the cottage is of the rudest description,
  and the windows are sometimes remarkable by
  their absence. The fire is situated in the
  centre of the earthern floor, and the smoke
  makes its exit as best it can. But these
  conditions are gradually disappearing, and
  better types of cottages are being built. No
  longer, in many cases, do crofter and cattle
  have the close intimacy, nor form the ' happy
  home,' of popular imagination.
  (2o be concluded.)
  GEORGE R. MUNROE, HUDDERSFIELD
  |p|ra|HE particular branch of
  W^ the Munro clan to which
  *j;** Mr. George R. Munroe
  belongs, has been settled for
  many generations in the parish
  of Dornoch, SutherlandshLre ; it
  has produced many men of note,
  the Munros of Bolton and Hanley being at the
  present time well known representatives. Mr.
  Munroe was born at Preston in 1858, his father,
  Richard Munroe, being a Superintendent of
  the Prudential Insurance Company. When
  six years of age he was removed to Hudders-
  tield, where his father had commenced business.
  It was at first intended to educate George for
  the teaching profession, in view of which he
  received a two years' course of training hi the
  preparatory college, but his own inclinations
  tended in a different direction. He took up
  the insurance profession, in which he made
  excellent progress, and when his father retired
  from business in 1887 he was promoted to the
  position of Superintendent of North Hudders-
  field. That the choice was a wise one is
  evidenced by the fact that his district is
  known throughout the insurance world for the
  percentage of the people insured, and the
  stability and class of the connection. Much of
  this success is due to the energy of Mr.
  Munroe's father, who was one of the ablest
  representatives the Prudential Company ever
  In social circles Mr. Munroe is well known
  and popular. He is Secretary of the Hudders-
  field St. Andrews Society, the Angling Associa-
  tion, and he is also a member of the Curling
  Club. In 18924 he represented rart(wn
  Ward on the County Borough Council. It
  may be interesting to mention that he holds
  certificates as a teacher of science, art and
  music, and also as a drill instructor — certainly
  a remarkable variety of qualifications for an
  active business man.
  In politics Mr. Munro is a staunch radical,
  and at election times he has proved himself an
  able public speaker. He is married and has
  three girls and one boy, George — a name
  always represented in the branch of the clan
  in Sutherland from which he is descended.
  THE HIGHLANDERS OF SCOTLAND.
  BY EX-DEAN OF GUILD DAVID MACDONALD, ABERDEEN.
  (Continued from page 148).
  The National Dress.
  Both the truis and the philibeg, plaid and
  bonnet, formed the dress of the Highlander at a
  very early period. The truis, it is said by some
  authorities, was used chiefly by the upper classes
  when Journeying on horseback ; but the kilt
  was the national costume, and dates from the
  earliest period. It was composed of a striped or
  chequered piece of cloth, about six yards long
  and two broad, and was disposed in plaits round
  the body to which it was .secured by a belt, and
  fastened at the shoulder in such a way as to
  allow liberty of action to both arms. In fact
  the belted plaid was simply a piece of cloth
  gracefully disposed around the person in order
  to obviate the necessity for the workmanship of
  the tailor. The modern philibeg is- the original
  dress improved, and the alteration is affirmed to
  have taken place rather more than a century
  ago, when an Englishman, finding that his
  workmen were impeded in their operations by
  their dress, suggested that the belted plaid
  should be divided, and that a jacket should be
  substituted for the piece usually arranged round
  tlie shoulders. Indeed, the picturesque High-
  land costume of to-day bears little similarity to
  the dress which prevailed a couple of centuries
  ago. The sporran, which is now worn in front
  of the kilt, Wils then simply a small pocket
  usually made of goat's or badger's skin, or
  sometimes leather, and was a useful appendage.
  Now, however, it is little more than an ornament.
  Shoes and stockings are of comparatively recent
  date in the Highlands. Originally the inhabi-
  tants encased their feet in rivelins, made of
  untanned hide, cut to the size and shape of the
  foot, similar to those worn in Shetland. Nor
  was this a practice among the common people.
  Burt mentions that in the early part of the
  eighteenth century he visited a laird who was
  both educated and polite, and this was the only

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