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  THE CEI.TIO MONTHLY.
  147
  THE HIGHLANDERS OF SCOTLAND.
  BY EX-DEAN OF GUILD DAVID MACDONAID, ABERDEEN.
  (Continued from page 133).
  THE KAKLDOM OF RIISS.
  fN 1411 an invasion was attempted liy
  Donald, Lord of the Isles, who laid
  — claim to the Earldom of Ross The
  Governor of Scotland declining to sustain his
  pretensions, the Lord of the Isles raised an
  army of ten thousand men, and assisted by a
  fleet from iMii^land, he carried everythini;
  before him. He received a tem|iorary check
  at Dingwall by Mackay of Farr and his
  retainers, but Mackay was taken prisoner, and
  many of his followers slain. Donald pursued
  his victorious career through the counties of
  Inverness, Nairn, Moray, etc., etc., with tlie
  intention of marching on Aberdeen, and burning
  that city. In Strathbogie, and round the
  district, the rebel array committed great e.xoesses;
  and the inhabitants of Aberdeen were in con-
  siderable alarm at their approach. Their fears
  were, however, to some extent allayed at the
  appearance of the Earl of Mar, and a choice
  body of knights, men-at-arms, etc., on the scene.
  The Provost of Aberdeen with five hundred
  Ijurgcsses also contributed to swell the army of
  defence, but notwithstanding all this, it did not
  amount to more than a tenth of the host opposed
  to them. The two armies met at the villaje of
  The result of the encounter was most disastrous
  for both sides; but Mar's army from the small-
  ness of its numbers suffered most. Donald,
  however, took alarm at the obstinacy with which
  he had been met and retreated during the night,
  leaving the Earl of Mar master of the situation.
  On the return of James I. from his captivit}', he
  found the country in a fearful state of anarchy ;
  and he is said to liave made the remark that if
  his life were spared he would render life and
  property throughout his dominions secure, a
  promise which to a very great degree he fulfilled.
  In 1427 he arrived at Inverness, attended by
  his Parliament, and summoned the principal
  chiefs before him. From whatever motive, his
  mandate was readily obeyed, and about forty
  placed themselves in his power. They were
  immediately seized and imprisoned, and were
  not allowed either to hold converse with one
  another or their friends. Some of those who
  had been most conspicuous in their attacks
  on their neighbours were e.xecvited ; others
  imprisoned for lengthened periods, and after-
  wards hanged. The Lord of the Isles, who had
  also been imprisoned, was treated with greater
  leniency, and received his liberty ; but this
  haughty chief returned the forbearance of the

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